14 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanistic Microbiome Studies: A Special Issue

    Edited by Wendy S Garrett et al.
    eLife is pleased to present a Special Issue to highlight recent advances in the mechanistic understanding of microbiome function.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Relief of autoinhibition by conformational switch explains enzyme activation by a catalytically dead paralog

    Oleg A Volkov et al.
    A catalytically dead paralog activates its cognate enzyme through an allosteric mechanism that combined structural and phylogenomic analysis indicates arose through acquisition of a dimerization domain, suggesting a general model for how complex allostery evolves.
    1. Ecology

    Dynamic metabolic exchange governs a marine algal-bacterial interaction

    Einat Segev et al.
    Physical and chemical interactions with bacteria influence the life and death of Emiliania huxleyi, a bloom-forming micro-alga important in global biogeochemical cycles.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Apicomplexan-like parasites are polyphyletic and widely but selectively dependent on cryptic plastid organelles

    Jan Janouškovec et al.
    Apicomplexan-like parasites originated several times independently and many of them contain cryptic plastid organelles, which demonstrate that the parasites evolved from photosynthetic algae.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Transient protein-protein interactions perturb E. coli metabolome and cause gene dosage toxicity

    Sanchari Bhattacharyya et al.
    Weak yet highly species-specific protein-protein interactions enhance the activity of metabolically related enzymes in bacteria at endogenous conditions, but also mean that overexpression of one partner leads to permanent non-physiological complexes and gene dosage toxicity.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Metagenomic chromosome conformation capture (meta3C) unveils the diversity of chromosome organization in microorganisms

    Martial Marbouty et al.
    A technique called meta3C provides an elegant and integrated approach to metagenomic analysis by allowing the de novo assembly, scaffolding and 3D characterization of unknown genomes from a complex mix of species
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    High fat diet induces microbiota-dependent silencing of enteroendocrine cells

    Lihua Ye et al.
    Enteroendocrine cells sense nutrients in the gut and regulate digestive physiology but are rendered insensitive following fat ingestion due to alteration of gut microbiota.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A conserved bacterial protein induces pancreatic beta cell expansion during zebrafish development

    Jennifer Hampton Hill et al.
    A previously undescribed protein produced by certain resident intestinal bacteria induces zebrafish pancreatic beta cell expansion.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Host genetic selection for cold tolerance shapes microbiome composition and modulates its response to temperature

    Fotini Kokou et al.
    Microbiome and transcriptomic profiling of genetically selected tropical fish with high and low tolerance to cold exposure revealed host control over microbiome composition and response to temperature changes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Quorum sensing control of Type VI secretion factors restricts the proliferation of quorum-sensing mutants

    Charlotte Majerczyk et al.
    Quorum-sensing control of Burkholderia thailandensis toxin and immunity pairs serves to police quorum-sensing mutants and may represent a general strategy whereby cooperators can police mutants.

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