1,289 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A mechanistic model for long-term immunological outcomes in South African HIV-infected children and adults receiving ART

    Eva Liliane Ujeneza et al.
    Long-term immune outcomes vary with age, for both adults and children in HIV-infected populations, e.g. long-term scaled carrying capacity is lower in HIV-infected younger individuals compared to older individuals.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of community piped water coverage on re-infection with urogenital schistosomiasis in rural South Africa

    Polycarp Mogeni et al.
    Scale-up of piped water coverage in the local community strongly protects against S. haematobium re-infection intensity among primary school-going children following treatment with praziquantel.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Present-day central African forest is a legacy of the 19th century human history

    Julie Morin-Rivat et al.
    The cessation of major anthropogenic disturbances since European colonization in the forests of central Africa leads to a canopy closing, and to the disappearance of certain light-demanding tree species.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    APOL1 renal risk variants have contrasting resistance and susceptibility associations with African trypanosomiasis

    Anneli Cooper et al.
    Common kidney disease risk variants in African populations are associated with reduced susceptibility to deadly African trypanosomes.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of the scale-up of piped water on urogenital schistosomiasis infection in rural South Africa

    Frank Tanser et al.
    Scale-up of safe water supplies decreases a child's risk of urogenital schistosomiasis infection by eight-fold in a typical rural African population.
    1. Ecology

    Humans disrupt access to prey for large African carnivores

    Kirby L Mills, Nyeema C Harris
    The presence of humans induces behavioral modifications in many large carnivore and ungulate species, restructuring spatiotemporal relationships between African predators and their prey.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Admixture into and within sub-Saharan Africa

    George BJ Busby et al.
    Gene flow analysis reveals that the genomes of most sub-Saharan populations are the result of recent historical admixture events.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    A new genus of horse from Pleistocene North America

    Peter D Heintzman et al.
    The extinct stilt-legged equids of North America are not related to Asiatic asses or horses, but instead represent a distinct lineage outside of living equid diversity that became extinct in the terminal Pleistocene.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Modelling the drivers of the spread of Plasmodium falciparum hrp2 gene deletions in sub-Saharan Africa

    Oliver J Watson et al.
    The introduction of rapid diagnostic testing for Plasmodium falciparum infections can explain an increased emergence of diagnostic resistant pfhrp2-deleted parasites in sub-Saharan Africa.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A pain-mediated neural signal induces relapse in murine autoimmune encephalomyelitis, a multiple sclerosis model

    Yasunobu Arima et al.
    Pain sensation induces relapse in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis via a sensory-sympathetic signaling pathway.

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