542 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of the scale-up of piped water on urogenital schistosomiasis infection in rural South Africa

    Frank Tanser et al.
    Scale-up of safe water supplies decreases a child's risk of urogenital schistosomiasis infection by eight-fold in a typical rural African population.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    APOL1 renal risk variants have contrasting resistance and susceptibility associations with African trypanosomiasis

    Anneli Cooper et al.
    Common kidney disease risk variants in African populations are associated with reduced susceptibility to deadly African trypanosomes.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The skin is a significant but overlooked anatomical reservoir for vector-borne African trypanosomes

    Paul Capewell et al.
    African trypanosomes residing within the skin of infected humans represent an important yet overlooked transmissible parasite population that may thwart efforts to eliminate African sleeping sickness.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Present-day central African forest is a legacy of the 19th century human history

    Julie Morin-Rivat et al.
    The cessation of major anthropogenic disturbances since European colonization in the forests of central Africa leads to a canopy closing, and to the disappearance of certain light-demanding tree species.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Admixture into and within sub-Saharan Africa

    George BJ Busby et al.
    Gene flow analysis reveals that the genomes of most sub-Saharan populations are the result of recent historical admixture events.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Vitamin A supplements, routine immunization, and the subsequent risk of Plasmodium infection among children under 5 years in sub-Saharan Africa

    Maria-Graciela Hollm-Delgado et al.
    An analysis of national survey data shows that vitamin A might protect against malaria infection, an effect potentially modified by seasonality, and that no routine vaccinations were linked to parasitemia, though BCG vaccination was associated with PfHRP-2 antigenemia.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Homo naledi and Pleistocene hominin evolution in subequatorial Africa

    Lee R Berger et al.
    A late Middle Pleistocene age for Homo naledi demonstrates a diversity of hominin species in Africa at this critical time in the archaeological record.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Homo naledi, a new species of the genus Homo from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa

    Lee R Berger et al.
    A new hominin species has been unearthed in the Dinaledi Chamber of the Rising Star cave system in the largest assemblage of a single species of hominins yet discovered in Africa.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Quantifying the contribution of Plasmodium falciparum malaria to febrile illness amongst African children

    Ursula Dalrymple et al.
    Fevers amongst African children are often assumed to be caused by a malaria infection, but here it is estimated that the majority of fevers amongst African children, including those with a patent malaria infection, are due to infections with diseases other than malaria.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    The Anopheles gambiae 2La chromosome inversion is associated with susceptibility to Plasmodium falciparum in Africa

    Michelle M Riehle et al.
    A common chromosome inversion in African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae) is associated with differences in malaria infection, adult resting behavior and ecology, and may aid the most efficient vectors to evade malaria control.

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