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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    New fossil remains of Homo naledi from the Lesedi Chamber, South Africa

    John Hawks et al.
    The discovery of new skeletal remains of Homo naledi in the Lesedi Chamber, South Africa, adds more evidence to our understanding of the morphology and behavior of this recently discovered species.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Coverage and system efficiencies of insecticide-treated nets in Africa from 2000 to 2017

    Samir Bhatt et al.
    Insecticide-treated net requirements for Africa have been underestimated, but mitigating for inefficiencies in net distributions can produce a cost effective path to universal coverage.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Geological and taphonomic context for the new hominin species Homo naledi from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa

    Paul HGM Dirks et al.
    A new hominin species found in a South African cave is part of one of the most unusual hominin fossil assemblages on record.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Mathematical modeling of the West Africa Ebola epidemic

    Jean-Paul Chretien et al.
    A review of mathematical models applied to the West Africa Ebola epidemic suggests ways to improve the use of mathematical modeling in responding to public health emergencies.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    A new genus of horse from Pleistocene North America

    Peter D Heintzman et al.
    The extinct stilt-legged equids of North America are not related to Asiatic asses or horses, but instead represent a distinct lineage outside of living equid diversity that became extinct in the terminal Pleistocene.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Modelling the drivers of the spread of Plasmodium falciparum hrp2 gene deletions in sub-Saharan Africa

    Oliver J Watson et al.
    The introduction of rapid diagnostic testing for Plasmodium falciparum infections can explain an increased emergence of diagnostic resistant pfhrp2-deleted parasites in sub-Saharan Africa.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The age of Homo naledi and associated sediments in the Rising Star Cave, South Africa

    Paul HGM Dirks et al.
    Independent dating techniques have established that the H. naledi fossils are between 236 and 335 thousand years old, indicating that small-brained hominins with relatively primitive body shapes co-existed with our early ancestors in Africa.
  1. Webinar report: Building connections and developing research in Sub-Saharan Africa

    The speakers in September’s #ECRWednesday webinar shared their insights into the issues facing African researchers.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A pain-mediated neural signal induces relapse in murine autoimmune encephalomyelitis, a multiple sclerosis model

    Yasunobu Arima et al.
    Pain sensation induces relapse in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis via a sensory-sympathetic signaling pathway.