18 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid short-term reorganization in the language network

    Gesa Hartwigsen et al.
    The beneficial contribution of a language network for a specific function depends on the level of functional disruption and may reflect the differential compensatory potential of distinct language networks.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A diverse host thrombospondin-type-1 repeat protein repertoire promotes symbiont colonization during establishment of cnidarian-dinoflagellate symbiosis

    Emilie-Fleur Neubauer et al.
    The colonization of corals and their relatives by intracellular microalgae is facilitated by immunity proteins in the animal that contain thrombospondin-type-1 repeats, elucidating the inter-partner recognition processes required for the establishment of this ecologically important symbiosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Sterol transfer by atypical cholesterol-binding NPC2 proteins in coral-algal symbiosis

    Elizabeth Ann Hambleton et al.
    Diversification of a conserved cholesterol binder drives functional replacement of cholesterol with symbiont-produced sterols in corals living in nutrient-poor environments.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    O-GlcNAc on NOTCH1 EGF repeats regulates ligand-induced Notch signaling and vascular development in mammals

    Shogo Sawaguchi et al.
    The transfer of O-GlcNAc by EOGT to specific EGF repeats of NOTCH1 promotes DLL4 binding, Notch signaling, and retinal vascular development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A RanGTP-independent mechanism allows ribosomal protein nuclear import for ribosome assembly

    Sabina Schütz et al.
    The Tsr2 carrier protein connects the nuclear import machinery with the ribosome assembly pathway.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Deregulated FGF and homeotic gene expression underlies cerebellar vermis hypoplasia in CHARGE syndrome

    Tian Yu et al.
    Mutations in CHD7, which cause CHARGE syndrome, cause a reduction in FGF8 signalling and subsequent abnormalities in the cerebellar vermis in both mice and humans.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    CatSperζ regulates the structural continuity of sperm Ca2+ signaling domains and is required for normal fertility

    Jean-Ju Chung et al.
    A new component, CatSper zeta, is required for continuous alignment of the calcium channel along the sperm's tail and is crucial for normal sperm swimming behavior and fertility.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Dynamics of venom composition across a complex life cycle

    Yaara Y Columbus-Shenkar et al.
    Different developmental stages of a venomous animal (e.g. Nematostella vectensis) with a complex life cycle produce vastly different venoms that can serve in different antagonistic interactions with other species.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dynamics of genomic innovation in the unicellular ancestry of animals

    Xavier Grau-Bové et al.
    The foundations of genomic complexity in multicellular animals have deep roots in their unicellular prehistory, both in terms of innovations in gene content, as well as the evolutionary dynamics of genome architecture.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Characterizing functional pathways of the human olfactory system

    Guangyu Zhou et al.
    Human primary olfactory cortical regions can be parcellated into anatomically distinct areas based on whole-brain functional connectivity profiles, suggesting distinct, parallel functional pathways in the human olfactory system.

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