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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Predicting geographic location from genetic variation with deep neural networks

    CJ Battey et al.
    Neural networks allow fast and accurate prediction of individual spatial locations from genotypes or sequencing data.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Synergy in anti-malarial pre-erythrocytic and transmission-blocking antibodies is achieved by reducing parasite density

    Ellie Sherrard-Smith et al.
    Combining pre-erythrocytic and transmission blocking antibodies enhances the overall control and potential elimination of malaria within both mosquito and vertebrate populations.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Longitudinal analysis of Plasmodium sporozoite motility in the dermis reveals component of blood vessel recognition

    Christine S Hopp et al.
    Malaria parasites enter the host via the skin, where they are inoculated by an infected mosquito as it probes for blood: the inoculation site is a bottleneck for the parasite and the only time when the parasite is extracellular for more than a few minutes, thus possibly presenting the best opportunity for antibody-mediated inhibition of infection.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Medicine

    A randomized feasibility trial comparing four antimalarial drug regimens to induce Plasmodium falciparum gametocytemia in the controlled human malaria infection model

    Isaie J Reuling et al.
    Controlled human malaria infection model allows the study of gametocyte biology and dynamics providing novel insights and tools in malaria transmission and elimination efforts.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Using evolution to generate sustainable malaria control with spatial repellents

    Penelope Anne Lynch, Mike Boots
    The evolution of insecticide-avoidance behaviour can be used to generate new spatial repellents to keep malaria vectors out of homes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nucleophile sensitivity of Drosophila TRPA1 underlies light-induced feeding deterrence

    Eun Jo Du et al.
    Electron-donating nucleophilic compounds activate TRPA1 ion channels in fruit flies and mosquitoes, but not humans, making TRPA1 a promising target for insect repellants.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Blood-stage immunity to Plasmodium chabaudi malaria following chemoprophylaxis and sporozoite immunization

    Wiebke Nahrendorf et al.
    A novel mouse model of immunization against Plasmodium chabaudi involving infectious mosquito bites and drug-treatment elicits protection against blood-stage malaria parasites, and shows that protection is not necessarily life cycle stage-specific.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of insect olfactory receptors

    Christine Missbach et al.
    Insect specific olfactory receptors are not an adaptation to a terrestrial insect lifestyle, but evolved later in insect evolution.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Current CRISPR gene drive systems are likely to be highly invasive in wild populations

    Charleston Noble et al.
    If released in the wild, current CRISPR-based gene drive systems designed to alter populations could spread much farther than intended, despite the evolution of drive resistance.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Motility precedes egress of malaria parasites from oocysts

    Dennis Klug, Friedrich Frischknecht
    A surface protein triggers intra-oocyst motility of Plasmodium sporozoites to ensure parasite egress from oocysts.