31 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    GUY1 confers complete female lethality and is a strong candidate for a male-determining factor in Anopheles stephensi

    Frank Criscione et al.
    Evidence that the small GUY1 protein is a strong candidate for being a male-determining factor is provided via the establishment of Guy1 transgenic lines of mosquitoes that confer complete and stable female lethality.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Guy1, a Y-linked embryonic signal, regulates dosage compensation in Anopheles stephensi by increasing X gene expression

    Yumin Qi et al.
    For the first time in a mosquito species an initial Y chromosome signal has been shown to regulate dosage compensation by increasing X chromosome gene expression.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Synergy in anti-malarial pre-erythrocytic and transmission-blocking antibodies is achieved by reducing parasite density

    Ellie Sherrard-Smith et al.
    Combining pre-erythrocytic and transmission blocking antibodies enhances the overall control and potential elimination of malaria within both mosquito and vertebrate populations.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Nitric oxide radicals are emitted by wasp eggs to kill mold fungi

    Erhard Strohm et al.
    To protect their food and themselves against detrimental mould fungi, the eggs of a wasp species synthesize and emit remarkable amounts of gaseous nitrogen oxides that are highly effective antimicrobials.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Embryo polarity in moth flies and mosquitoes relies on distinct old genes with localized transcript isoforms

    Yoseop Yoon et al.
    Isoform-specific transcript localization underlies the evolutionary diversity of anterior axis determinants in embryos of dipteran insects.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    BiteOscope, an open platform to study mosquito biting behavior

    Felix JH Hol et al.
    A new tool to visualize blood-feeding mosquitoes in high resolution and quantitatively characterize their behavior sheds light on contact-dependent sensing and blood-feeding dynamics of several medically relevant mosquito species.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Blood-stage immunity to Plasmodium chabaudi malaria following chemoprophylaxis and sporozoite immunization

    Wiebke Nahrendorf et al.
    A novel mouse model of immunization against Plasmodium chabaudi involving infectious mosquito bites and drug-treatment elicits protection against blood-stage malaria parasites, and shows that protection is not necessarily life cycle stage-specific.
    1. Ecology

    Thermoregulation: Bugs battle stress from hot blood

    Joshua B Benoit, David L Denlinger
    A heat exchange mechanism in the head of kissing bugs helps to prevent stress and regulate their temperature while they feed on warm blood.
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A divergent cyclin/cyclin-dependent kinase complex controls the atypical replication of a malaria parasite during gametogony and transmission

    Aurélia C Balestra et al.
    Multiple steps of the atypical cell cycles underlying Plasmodium gametogony are controlled by a divergent cyclin/cyclin-dependent complex.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolutionarily distant I domains can functionally replace the essential ligand-binding domain of Plasmodium TRAP

    Dennis Klug et al.
    Exchange of the I domain in the Plasmodium surface protein TRAP against evolutionary distant I domains rescues infectivity of sporozoites.

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