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    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Combined transcriptome and proteome profiling reveals specific molecular brain signatures for sex, maturation and circalunar clock phase

    Sven Schenk et al.
    A molecular profiling approach to quantify transcripts and proteins from identical samples allows study of molecular effects of maturation, sexual differentiation and the endogenous circalunar clock in a marine worm.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Folded gastrulation and T48 drive the evolution of coordinated mesoderm internalization in flies

    Silvia Urbansky et al.
    Functional recapitulation of a likely evolutionary gain in gene expression shows that two genes are sufficient to switch mesoderm cell internalization from stochastic cell ingression to coordinated epithelial invagination.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Genes associated with ant social behavior show distinct transcriptional and evolutionary patterns

    Alexander S Mikheyev, Timothy A Linksvayer
    Genes associated with age-based division of labor in ants exist in distinct regulatory and evolutionary contexts; genes up-regulated in young nurses are loosely connected and rapidly evolving while genes up-regulated in old foragers are highly connected and conserved.
    1. Neuroscience

    The carcinine transporter CarT is required in Drosophila photoreceptor neurons to sustain histamine recycling

    Drew Stenesen et al.
    Fly vision depends on a member of the SLC22 transporter family for recycling the histamine neurotransmitter following its uptake by glia and its modification into the transport metabolite carcinine.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Composition and structure of synaptic ectosomes exporting antigen receptor linked to functional CD40 ligand from helper T cells

    David G Saliba et al.
    TCR and CD40L microclusters are linked in synaptic ectosomes (extracellular vesicles) and released in the immunological synapse by helper T cells and induce dendritic cell maturation and cytokine production.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Hemimetabolous insects elucidate the origin of sexual development via alternative splicing

    Judith Wexler et al.
    Sexual differentiation controlled by sex-specific mRNA splicing evolved in a step-wise manner in insects.
    1. Neuroscience

    Food odors trigger Drosophila males to deposit a pheromone that guides aggregation and female oviposition decisions

    Chun-Chieh Lin et al.
    The activation of Drosophila Or7a receptors guides aggregation and egg-laying behaviors towards both green leaf volatiles and a male-specific food-odor-induced pheromone.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of insect olfactory receptors

    Christine Missbach et al.
    Insect specific olfactory receptors are not an adaptation to a terrestrial insect lifestyle, but evolved later in insect evolution.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Apoptotic neurodegeneration in whitefly promotes the spread of TYLCV

    Shifan Wang et al.
    A plant virus, Tomato yellow leaf curl virus, manipulates the host preference of the vector insect whitefly to promote its transmission by inducing caspase-dependent apoptotic neurodegeneration in vector's brain.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Reconstructing the functions of endosymbiotic Mollicutes in fungus-growing ants

    Panagiotis Sapountzis et al.
    Domestication of endosymbiotic Mollicutes may have resolved nitrogen-recycling challenges for attine ants and enabled the evolutionary derived leaf-cutting ants to fully exploit their herbivorous niches.