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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Post-translational thioamidation of methyl-coenzyme M reductase, a key enzyme in methanogenic and methanotrophic Archaea

    Dipti D Nayak et al.
    Post-translational installation of thioglycine in methyl-coenzyme M reductase in the methanogenic archaeon Methanosarcina acetivorans is mediated by the tfuA-ycaO locus and stabilizes the protein secondary structure near the active site.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    De novo modeling of the F420-reducing [NiFe]-hydrogenase from a methanogenic archaeon by cryo-electron microscopy

    Deryck J Mills et al.
    The structure of a large hydrogenase complex involved in the production of methane by microbes has been determined with cryo-electron microscopy.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Blood transcriptome based biomarkers for human circadian phase

    Emma E Laing et al.
    An unbiased modelling approach shows that only a few blood transcriptome samples are required to accurately assess the human circadian melatonin phase, even during altered sleep schedules.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    High social status males experience accelerated epigenetic aging in wild baboons

    Jordan A Anderson et al.
    Among the factors that predict fitness in wild baboons, dominance rank in males, but not in females, is the best predictor of epigenetic aging.
    1. Ecology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Social networks predict gut microbiome composition in wild baboons

    Jenny Tung et al.
    Social interactions can have a direct effect on the composition of the gut microbiome in wild primates.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    BRG1 governs glucocorticoid receptor interactions with chromatin and pioneer factors across the genome

    Jackson A Hoffman et al.
    Within distinct chromatin landscapes, the BRG1 chromatin remodeling enzyme patterns hormone-dependent chromatin interactions, pioneer factor recruitment, and transcriptional activity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Analysis of the crystal structure of an active MCM hexamer

    Justin M Miller et al.
    Building on previous work (Froelich et al., 2014), we present the X-ray crystal structure of an active MCM hexamer, which suggests a mechanism for MCM regulation and demonstrates a key interaction between the major domains.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Antibacterial gene transfer across the tree of life

    Jason A Metcalf et al.
    Parallel horizontal gene transfer has spread a bacteriolytic gene family to all domains of life, and has bestowed a niche-transcending adaptation in recipients that must deploy antibacterial molecules to survive in a bacterial world.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Circularization restores signal recognition particle RNA functionality in Thermoproteus

    André Plagens et al.
    Archaea can contain permuted versions of the universal signal recognition particle RNA, which require a moonlighting activity of the tRNA splicing machinery to generate functional circular RNAs.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Discovery of a metabolic alternative to the classical mevalonate pathway

    Nikki Dellas et al.
    A combination of phylogenetic and biochemical analyses suggest that some unexpected variations in the synthesis of isoprenoids may be widespread across all three domains of life.