15 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Chronic ethanol consumption compromises neutrophil function in acute pulmonary Aspergillus fumigatus infection

    Nathalia Luisa Sousa de Oliveira Malacco et al.
    Cell biology analysis demonstrated for the first time the effect of chronic ethanol consumption in neutrophil impaired migration by CXCR2 downregulation and neutrophil function during acute Aspergillus fumigatus infection.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Targeted induction of a silent fungal gene cluster encoding the bacteria-specific germination inhibitor fumigermin

    Maria Cristina Stroe et al.
    A silent gene cluster of the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus is activated by a bacterium and leads to the production of a novel spore germination inhibitor targeting the inducing bacterium.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Codon optimization underpins generalist parasitism in fungi

    Thomas Badet et al.
    Codon optimization through biased synonymous substitutions is a characteristic feature of the genomes of generalist fungal parasites and is associated with the colonization of multiple hosts.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Synergy and remarkable specificity of antimicrobial peptides in vivo using a systematic knockout approach

    Mark Austin Hanson et al.
    While antimicrobial cocktails are highly effective for defence against pathogenic microbes, the innate immune response may instead employ highly specific peptidic antibiotics to combat certain natural enemies.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Chromatin mapping identifies BasR, a key regulator of bacteria-triggered production of fungal secondary metabolites

    Juliane Fischer et al.
    Genome-wide chromatin mapping during bacterial-fungal cocultivation identifies the Myb-like transcription factor BasR as the major regulatory node of bacteria-triggered production of fungal secondary metabolites.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Guanidine hydrochloride reactivates an ancient septin hetero-oligomer assembly pathway in budding yeast

    Courtney R Johnson et al.
    A naturally-occurring small molecule acts as a chemical chaperone in vivo to alter the folding of a budding yeast septin and promote an oligomerization pathway that was lost during evolution.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Nitric oxide radicals are emitted by wasp eggs to kill mold fungi

    Erhard Strohm et al.
    To protect their food and themselves against detrimental mould fungi, the eggs of a wasp species synthesize and emit remarkable amounts of gaseous nitrogen oxides that are highly effective antimicrobials.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of Ca2+-dependent activation and lipid transport by a TMEM16 scramblase

    Maria E Falzone et al.
    Structures of a TMEM16 phospholipid scramblase reveal that its Ca2+-dependent activation entails global conformational changes and how these rearrangements affect the membrane to enable transbilayer lipid transfer.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The genome of an intranuclear parasite, Paramicrosporidium saccamoebae, reveals alternative adaptations to obligate intracellular parasitism

    C Alisha Quandt et al.
    Parasitic lineages of Rozellomycota are shaped by repeated and independent gene losses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The human gut chemical landscape predicts microbe-mediated biotransformation of foods and drugs

    Leah Guthrie et al.
    A network of the gut chemical landscape predicts microbe-mediated biotransformation of foods and drugs and supports the generation of mechanistic hypotheses of microbiome metabolic phenotypes that shape human biology.

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