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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Homology-guided identification of a conserved motif linking the antiviral functions of IFITM3 to its oligomeric state

    Kazi Rahman et al.
    A disease-associated polymorphism in a related protein that regulates neurotransmitter release reveals that antiviral protein IFITM3 forms oligomers to rigidify membranes and inhibit virus fusion with cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    GTPBP1 resolves paused ribosomes to maintain neuronal homeostasis

    Markus Terrey et al.
    The translational GTPase GTPBP1 prevents ribosome stalling during tRNA deficiency and is necessary for neuronal survival.
    1. Neuroscience

    Modulation of flight and feeding behaviours requires presynaptic IP3Rs in dopaminergic neurons

    Anamika Sharma, Gaiti Hasan
    Motivation for flight and feeding behaviour requires dopamine release which depends on cholinergic stimulation and intracellular Ca2+ release from ER stores in one or two pairs of central dopaminergic neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar patients have intact feedback control that can be leveraged to improve reaching

    Amanda M Zimmet et al.
    A control system model of cerebellar patients' movements provides insight into the cerebellum's role in reaching and informs a virtual reality intervention to improve patient reaches.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cannabinoids modulate associative cerebellar learning via alterations in behavioral state

    Catarina Albergaria et al.
    Cannabinoid receptors modulate cerebellar learning, not through direct effects on synaptic plasticity, but as a secondary consequence of their modulation of behavioral state.
    1. Neuroscience

    A dual role for Cav1.4 Ca2+ channels in the molecular and structural organization of the rod photoreceptor synapse

    J Wesley Maddox et al.
    Ca2+ influx through Cav1.4 channels is required for the structural, but not the molecular organization of the rod photoreceptor synapse.
    1. Neuroscience

    Purkinje cell neurotransmission patterns cerebellar basket cells into zonal modules defined by distinct pinceau sizes

    Joy Zhou et al.
    Targeted genetic silencing and reporter labeling reveal that Purkinje cell activity organizes cerebellar basket cells into zonal modules based on the sizes of their projections.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ribosomal profiling during prion disease uncovers progressive translational derangement in glia but not in neurons

    Claudia Scheckel et al.
    Cell-type-specific ribosome profiling during prion disease progression identified minor translational changes in neurons as well as profound glia changes many of which are shared with other neurodegenerative diseases.
    1. Medicine

    Performance of a deep learning based neural network in the selection of human blastocysts for implantation

    Charles L Bormann et al.
    A well-trained deep learning neural network can outperform and can potentially assist expertly trained embryologists in selecting embryos based on their implantation potential, even amongst high-quality euploid blastocyst embryos.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Ubiquitin-interacting motifs of ataxin-3 regulate its polyglutamine toxicity through Hsc70-4-dependent aggregation

    Sean L Johnson et al.
    Pathogenesis in Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 3 is enhanced by the heat-shock protein family member, Hsc70-4, uncovering new mechanisms of toxicity for this disease and suggesting pleiotropic roles for chaperones.