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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis exploits host ATM kinase for survival advantage through SecA2 secretome

    Savita Lochab et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), effectors secreted through SecA2 pathway cause double strand breaks (DSBs) in the host DNA, which in turn activates ATM kinase to gain survival advantages, through Akt.
    1. Neuroscience

    Whole brain delivery of an instability-prone Mecp2 transgene improves behavioral and molecular pathological defects in mouse models of Rett syndrome

    Mirko Luoni et al.
    Global brain transduction of the instability-prone Mecp2 transgene by systemic AAV-PHP.eB administration is safe and effective in protecting male and female Mecp2 mutant mice from the Rett syndrome disease phenotype.
    1. Neuroscience

    Purkinje cell misfiring generates high-amplitude action tremors that are corrected by cerebellar deep brain stimulation

    Amanda M Brown et al.
    Genetic, pharmacologic, and optogenetic manipulations demonstrate that Purkinje cells can trigger and propagate the signals for tremor.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stxbp1/Munc18-1 haploinsufficiency impairs inhibition and mediates key neurological features of STXBP1 encephalopathy

    Wu Chen et al.
    Two genetically distinct Stxbp1 haploinsufficiency mouse models exhibit seizures and impairments in cognitive, psychiatric, and motor functions, representing robust preclinical models of STXBP1 encephalopathy with both construct and face validity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Specific depletion of the motor protein KIF5B leads to deficits in dendritic transport, synaptic plasticity and memory

    Junjun Zhao et al.
    Two homologous kinesin motors, KIF5A and KIF5B, have distinct functions in dendritic spine morphogenesis, and KIF5B plays a role in synaptic plasticity and memory.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TTBK2 and primary cilia are essential for the connectivity and survival of cerebellar Purkinje neurons

    Emily Bowie, Sarah C Goetz
    Signaling at the primary cilium is important to sustain the morphology, connectivity, and survival of a key neural population within the brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nodal β spectrins are required to maintain Na+ channel clustering and axon integrity

    Cheng-Hsin Liu et al.
    A combination of sensory-neuron specific conditional knockout mice reveal nodal beta spectrins are required to maintain, but not assemble, nodes of Ranvier.
    1. Neuroscience

    C1 neurons are part of the circuitry that recruits active expiration in response to the activation of peripheral chemoreceptors

    Milene R Malheiros-Lima et al.
    An unbiased description reveals potential implications for understanding the developmental mechanisms that match respiratory supply and demand during hypoxia.
    1. Cell Biology

    Prickle isoforms determine handedness of helical morphogenesis

    Bomsoo Cho et al.
    The Pkpk and Pksple isoforms of the Prickle protein determine right- or left-handed bristle morphogenesis by coupling Frizzled/Vang signaling to the Fat/Dachsous PCP directional signal in opposite directions.
    1. Neuroscience

    LAR receptor phospho-tyrosine phosphatases regulate NMDA-receptor responses

    Alessandra Sclip, Thomas C Südhof
    LAR-RPTPs are not essential for synapse formation, but they are important determinants of synapse properties as they contribute to regulate postsynaptic NMDA receptor function.