193 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Rheotaxis facilitates upstream navigation of mammalian sperm cells

    Vasily Kantsler et al.
    Mammalian sperm subject to shear flow swim in upstream spirals along the walls bounding such flows, thereby demonstrating a robust mechanism for upstream navigation to the ovum.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Polyploidy in the adult Drosophila brain

    Shyama Nandakumar et al.
    Terminally differentiated neurons and glia can re-enter the cell cycle to become polyploid in the adult fly brain, to protect cells from DNA damage-associated death.
    1. Neuroscience

    Magnetic eye tracking in mice

    Hannah L Payne, Jennifer L Raymond
    An accurate, robust, and lightweight technique for measuring eye movements in mice was developed using magnetic sensing, yielding the first high resolution recordings of eye movements in freely moving mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vasoactive intestinal peptide-expressing interneurons are impaired in a mouse model of Dravet syndrome

    Kevin M Goff, Ethan M Goldberg
    Vasoactive intestinal peptide-expressing GABAergic interneurons in cerebral cortex express the sodium channel subunit Nav1.1, and a defined subset of VIP interneurons are dysfunctional in a mouse model of Dravet syndrome.
    1. Neuroscience

    A novel inhibitory nucleo-cortical circuit controls cerebellar Golgi cell activity

    Lea Ankri et al.
    The glycinergic neurons of the cerebellar nuclei project extensively to the cerebellar cortex and inhibit GABAergic Golgi cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cognitive regulation alters social and dietary choice by changing attribute representations in domain-general and domain-specific brain circuits

    Anita Tusche, Cendri A Hutcherson
    Regulatory success operates by goal-consistent increases and decreases of distinct attribute representations in generic neural hubs and in domain-specific brain regions, explaining when and why regulatory success generalizes across domains and contexts.
    1. Developmental Biology

    TALPID3 controls centrosome and cell polarity and the human ortholog KIAA0586 is mutated in Joubert syndrome (JBTS23)

    Louise A Stephen et al.
    Mutations in KIAA0586 (TALPID3) cause a severe ciliopathy called Joubert syndrome that affects organ, cell and centrosome polarity.
    1. Neuroscience

    What do adversarial images tell us about human vision?

    Marin Dujmović et al.
    Well-controlled psychological experiments show that there is little overlap in how humans and convolutional networks classify adversarial images, highlighting the problem of using CNNs as models of human vision.
    1. Medicine

    Performance of a deep learning based neural network in the selection of human blastocysts for implantation

    Charles L Bormann et al.
    A well-trained deep learning neural network can outperform and can potentially assist expertly trained embryologists in selecting embryos based on their implantation potential, even amongst high-quality euploid blastocyst embryos.
    1. Neuroscience

    Humans can efficiently look for but not select multiple visual objects

    Eduard Ort et al.
    During search for multiple targets, individuals can efficiently prepare to select multiple target objects simultaneously, but the actual selection of those objects from the sensory input is limited.

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