The crystal structure of human WIPI2 bound to the ATG16L1 WIPI2-interacting region, combined with in vitro reconstitution and cellular autophagy assays, shows how the LC3 lipidation machinery is recruited in autophagy initiation.
Modulation of histone levels in gut enterocytes by rapamycin treatment alters chromatin organisation and induces intestinal autophagy through transcriptional regulation to prevent age-related decline in the intestine and extend lifespan.
ATG9-dependent autophagy is an essential pathway for long-term survival within the cyst in the parasite Toxoplasma gondii and could be exploited in future studies seeking interventions against persistent Toxoplasma infection.
IL-27 exerts differential activation of STAT1 and STAT3 via IL-27Ra and GP130, respectively, leading to a kinetic decoupling of its gene expression program, which contributes to tune its immuno-modulatory activities.
Atg43 serves as a selective autophagy receptor by tethering isolation membranes to mitochondria to promote mitophagy and plays a mitophagy-independent role that facilitates normal cell growth in fission yeast.
Imaging of energy status and autophagy during neuronal migration revealed that ATP/ADP levels dynamically change during the migratory and stationary phases and that ATP reduction induces autophagy to maintain migration.