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    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Dynamics of human protein kinase Aurora A linked to drug selectivity

    Warintra Pitsawong et al.
    Slow conformational changes after drug binding rationalize selectivity, affinity and long on-target residence time for kinase inhibitors.
    1. Cell Biology

    Kinetochores attached to microtubule-ends are stabilised by Astrin bound PP1 to ensure proper chromosome segregation

    Duccio Conti et al.
    Human chromosome-microtubule attachments are stabilised by Astrin-mediated dynamic delivery of PP1 phosphatase to the attachment site, which ensures the normal segregation of chromosomes.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Identification of abscission checkpoint bodies as structures that regulate ESCRT factors to control abscission timing

    Lauren K Williams et al.
    Cytoplasmic bodies sequester important abscission machinery to delay completion of cytokinesis in response to mitotic errors.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    ULK3 regulates cytokinetic abscission by phosphorylating ESCRT-III proteins

    Anna Caballe et al.
    ULK3 is a kinase in the abscission checkpoint that temporarily inactivates ESCRT-III proteins via phosphorylation, which is required to delay cytokinesis in response to defects in mitosis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Subcellular drug targeting illuminates local kinase action

    Paula J Bucko et al.
    Genetically-encoded platforms direct kinase inhibitor drugs to organelles to reveal new dimensions of local kinase signaling.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cancer Biology

    The Ki-67 and RepoMan mitotic phosphatases assemble via an identical, yet novel mechanism

    Ganesan Senthil Kumar et al.
    Building on previous work (Booth et al, 2014), we show how two mitotic phosphatases are formed, how they are regulated by opposing kinases during the cell cycle and reveal a novel opportunity for the development of cancer therapeutics.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Mechanisms of chromosome biorientation and bipolar spindle assembly analyzed by computational modeling

    Christopher Edelmaier et al.
    A computational model of fission yeast mitosis can interrogate mechanisms required for successful mitosis, the origin of spindle length fluctuations, and spindle force balance during assembly.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Severe infections emerge from commensal bacteria by adaptive evolution

    Bernadette C Young et al.
    Life-threatening S. aureus infections emerge from commensal nose bacteria in association with repeatable adaptive evolution.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    High-resolution structures of kinesin on microtubules provide a basis for nucleotide-gated force-generation

    Zhiguo Shang et al.
    Microtubule attachment fundamentally modifies kinesin's behavior by triggering a ‘clamshell’ opening of the nucleotide cleft, subsequently reversed by ATP binding, that couples to cargo translocation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Probing the catalytic functions of Bub1 kinase using the small molecule inhibitors BAY-320 and BAY-524

    Anna P Baron et al.
    Chemical inhibition of Bub1 shows that the catalytic activity is not required for normal mitotic progression, but it makes chromosome segregation and cell proliferation more sensitive to the effects of the anti-cancer drug Paclitaxel.