329 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Autophagy regulates inflammatory programmed cell death via turnover of RHIM-domain proteins

    Junghyun Lim et al.
    Autophagy is critical for the turnover of inflammatory signaling complexes containing RHIM-domain proteins.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Interferon-β-induced miR-1 alleviates toxic protein accumulation by controlling autophagy

    Camilla Nehammer et al.
    A microRNA prevents the accumulation of toxic proteins by inducing autophagy.
    1. Cell Biology

    Two distinct mechanisms target the autophagy-related E3 complex to the pre-autophagosomal structure

    Kumi Harada et al.
    How the autophagy-related E3 complex localizes to pre-autophagosomal structures and a non-E3 function of the complex were revealed, significantly advancing our understanding of the nucleation step in autophagosome formation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Spatiotemporal regulation of autophagy during Caenorhabditis elegans aging

    Jessica T Chang et al.
    Autophagic flux assays in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans suggest that autophagy decreases during normal aging, whereas long-lived daf-2 and glp-1 mutants maintain autophagic capacity in distinct spatiotemporal-specific manners to extend lifespan.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Multiplex image-based autophagy RNAi screening identifies SMCR8 as ULK1 kinase activity and gene expression regulator

    Jennifer Jung et al.
    An image-based multiplex autophagosome RNAi screen targeting all Rab GTPases as well as their GAPs and GEFs identifies the Rab GEF SMCR8 as multifaceted autophagy modulator, which regulates kinase activity and gene expression of ULK1.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Genetic screen in Drosophila muscle identifies autophagy-mediated T-tubule remodeling and a Rab2 role in autophagy

    Naonobu Fujita et al.
    Analyses of a developmentally regulated Drosophila myofiber remodeling program provide insight into induced autophagy required for T-tubule membrane reorganization, and uncover a conserved Rab2 role in autophagosome-lysosome fusion.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Host autophagy machinery is diverted to the pathogen interface to mediate focal defense responses against the Irish potato famine pathogen

    Yasin F Dagdas et al.
    Defense-related selective autophagy mediated by the antimicrobial autophagy cargo receptor NBR1/Joka2 is diverted to pathogen penetration sites to restrict plant colonization by the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteasome storage granules protect proteasomes from autophagic degradation upon carbon starvation

    Richard S Marshall, Richard D Vierstra
    Proteasomes are protected from autophagic elimination upon carbon starvation by sequestration into cytoplasmic storage granules, which aid cell fitness by providing a cache of proteasomes that can be rapidly remobilized when carbon availability improves.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Elucidation of the anti-autophagy mechanism of the Legionella effector RavZ using semisynthetic LC3 proteins

    Aimin Yang et al.
    Legionella effector RavZ evades host autophagy by extracting LC3-PE from the membrane before deconjugation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Transglutaminase 2 contributes to a TP53-induced autophagy program to prevent oncogenic transformation

    Shi Yun Yeo et al.
    Loss-of-function screening identified transglutaminase 2 (TGM2) as a putative tumor suppressor in the TP53 pathway and revealed that TGM2-mediated autophagy and CDKN1A-mediated cell cycle arrest are two critical barriers that prevent oncogenic transformation.

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