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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The autophagy gene Atg16l1 differentially regulates Treg and TH2 cells to control intestinal inflammation

    Agnieszka M Kabat et al.
    Impaired autophagy influences intestinal inflammation and hypersensitivity responses by orchestrating mucosal T cell populations, suggesting new translational perspectives for the treatment of these conditions.
    1. Plant Biology

    Autophagy functions as an antiviral mechanism against geminiviruses in plants

    Yakupjan Haxim et al.
    Plant autophagy contributes to antiviral defense against geminiviruses by targeting one or more viral proteins for degradation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mechanism of cargo-directed Atg8 conjugation during selective autophagy

    Dorotea Fracchiolla et al.
    Autophagic cargo receptors recruit the E3-like enzyme for Atg8 lipid conjugation to the cargo and thereby promote local formation of Atg8-positive autophagosomal membranes.
    1. Cell Biology

    G-protein-coupled receptors regulate autophagy by ZBTB16-mediated ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of Atg14L

    Tao Zhang et al.
    Under normal nutritional conditions, G-protein coupled receptors can control autophagy by regulating the degradation of key autophagic regulator Atg14L through ZBTB16-mediated ubiquitination and proteasome degradation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Translocation of interleukin-1β into a vesicle intermediate in autophagy-mediated secretion

    Min Zhang et al.
    Reconstitution of interleukin-1β secretion in non-macrophage cells implicates how this pro-inflammatory cytokine enters into the unconventional pathway of secretion through autophagy.
    1. Cell Biology

    Deficiency of parkin and PINK1 impairs age-dependent mitophagy in Drosophila

    Tom Cornelissen et al.
    Mitophagy occurs in Drosophila flight muscle and dopaminergic neurons in vivo and increases with aging in a PINK1/parkin-dependent fashion.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Autophagy inhibition overcomes multiple mechanisms of resistance to BRAF inhibition in brain tumors

    Jean M Mulcahy Levy et al.
    Pre-clinical and patient data show that inhibition of autophagy with an approved, inexpensive, well-tolerated drug can overcome resistance to BRAFV600E inhibition in multiple brain tumor subtypes with different resistance mechanisms.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Autophagy linked FYVE (Alfy/WDFY3) is required for establishing neuronal connectivity in the mammalian brain

    Joanna M Dragich et al.
    Loss of function of the selective autophagy adaptor protein Alfy/Wdfy3 leads to profound wiring defects from the forebrain through to the spinal cord, highlighting the growing importance for macroautophagy in the developing brain.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Impaired retrograde transport of axonal autophagosomes contributes to autophagic stress in Alzheimer’s disease neurons

    Prasad Tammineni et al.
    Amyloid-β oligomers associated with Alzheimer’s disease interact with dynein motors to impair retrograde transport of autophagic vesicles in neurons.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Autophagy is a critical regulator of memory CD8+ T cell formation

    Daniel J Puleston et al.
    Autophagy is required for CD8+ T cell memory formation; in aged individuals autophagy levels are diminished, and increasing autophagy enhances their CD8+ T cell responses.