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8,918 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Malaria-associated atypical memory B cells exhibit markedly reduced B cell receptor signaling and effector function

    Silvia Portugal et al.
    Atypical memory B cells (MBCs) appear to differentiate from classical MBCs during chronic exposure to the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum, and may interfere with the acquisition of immunity to the disease.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The HIV-1 envelope protein gp120 is captured and displayed for B cell recognition by SIGN-R1+ lymph node macrophages

    Chung Park et al.
    Lymph node gp120 specific B cells extract locally injected HIV-1 gp120 from SIGN-R1 positive macrophages that line the subcapsular sinus overlying the lymph node interfollicular channels.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    B cells extract antigens at Arp2/3-generated actin foci interspersed with linear filaments

    Sophie I Roper et al.
    Two modes of actin polymerization, branched and linear, cooperate in B cells to extract antigens from surfaces of presenting cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Intravital quantification reveals dynamic calcium concentration changes across B cell differentiation stages

    Carolin Ulbricht et al.
    Heterogeneity in cytoplasmic calcium concentration alongside B cell activation and differentiation is measured intravitally using an interdisciplinary imaging approach and novel numerical analysis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Polypyrimidine tract-binding proteins are essential for B cell development

    Elisa Monzón-Casanova et al.
    The RNA-binding protein polypyrimidine tract-binding protein 1 (PTBP1) is essential for B cell development at the pro-B cell stage where it suppresses S-phase entry and promotes progression through mitosis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Reprogramming the antigen specificity of B cells using genome-editing technologies

    James E Voss et al.
    Antibody paratopes can be added to the human repertoire by CRISPR-Cas9 editing of B lymphocytes using a strategy that allows for hypermutation and class switching of resulting B cell receptors.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasmodium-specific atypical memory B cells are short-lived activated B cells

    Damián Pérez-Mazliah et al.
    Plasmodium-specific atypical memory B cells generated to naturally (mosquito) transmitted rodent malaria infection are short-lived activated B cells, and do not prevent resolution of infection or generation of long-lived memory.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IFNγ induces epigenetic programming of human T-bethi B cells and promotes TLR7/8 and IL-21 induced differentiation

    Esther Zumaquero et al.
    IFNγ increases the responsiveness of human B cells to IL-2, TLR7/8 and IL-21 signals and therefore enhances antibody production in inflammatory settings associated with autoimmune or chronic disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Distinct mechanisms define murine B cell lineage immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) repertoires

    Yang Yang et al.
    The B-1a cell heavy chain antibody repertoire differs dramatically from the follicular and marginal zone B cell repertoire and is defined by distinct mechanisms driven by self antigens rather than antigens derived from the microbiota.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgM and IgD B cell receptors differentially respond to endogenous antigens and control B cell fate

    Mark Noviski et al.
    Self-reactive B cells downregulate the IgM but not the IgD B cell receptor, and this serves as a critical tolerance mechanism because IgD is less sensitive to bona fide endogenous antigens than IgM.

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