5,816 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    A versatile oblique plane microscope for large-scale and high-resolution imaging of subcellular dynamics

    Etai Sapoznik et al.
    A novel single-objective light-sheet microscope with unparalleled spatiotemporal resolution enables imaging and optical manipulation of diverse biological specimens and processes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Regulatory polymorphisms modulate the expression of HLA class II molecules and promote autoimmunity

    Prithvi Raj et al.
    Genetic variations that underlie common autoimmune disease genes are predominantly regulatory and modify the expression of multiple genes within the HLA gene complex and throughout the immune system.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Transcription-coupled genetic instability marks acute lymphoblastic leukemia structural variation hotspots

    Merja Heinäniemi et al.
    Convergent transcription and stalling of transcription are enriched at DNA breakpoints found in acute lymphoblastic leukemia and associate with DNA structures and sequences that mediate genetic instability.
    1. Neuroscience

    The AMPA receptor-associated protein Shisa7 regulates hippocampal synaptic function and contextual memory

    Leanne J M Schmitz et al.
    Shisa7 is a bona-fide AMPAR modulatory protein affecting channel kinetics of hippocampal AMPARs, and is necessary for synaptic plasticity and memory recall.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    An open-source computational and data resource to analyze digital maps of immunopeptidomes

    Etienne Caron et al.
    A community-based international effort generates standardized HLA allele-specific peptide assay libraries and enables the analysis of the human immunopeptidome by SWATH mass spectrometry.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A molecular mechanism of mitotic centrosome assembly in Drosophila

    Paul T Conduit et al.
    The proteins DSpd-2 and Centrosomin assemble into dynamic scaffolds that build from the inside out around the mother centriole and support centrosome maturation.
    1. Medicine

    Late-life restoration of mitochondrial function reverses cardiac dysfunction in old mice

    Ying Ann Chiao et al.
    Mitochondrial-targeted SS-31 peptide ameliorates mitochondrial dysfunction and rescues pre-existing cardiac dysfunction in old mice, supporting the translational potential of mitochondrial protective interventions to treat age-related diseases.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural model for differential cap maturation at growing microtubule ends

    Juan Estévez-Gallego et al.
    The tubulin GTPase cycle structurally modulates the microtubule cap, causing lattice expansion, which is an intermediate state involved in phosphate release and regulatory signaling.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Computational prediction of CTCF/cohesin-based intra-TAD loops that insulate chromatin contacts and gene expression in mouse liver

    Bryan J Matthews, David J Waxman
    Certain types of 3D chromatin loops are easy to predict from existing or easily obtainable 2D information, which benefits gene expression studies in tissues/cells/organisms without extensive pre-existing 3D information.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    9Å structure of the COPI coat reveals that the Arf1 GTPase occupies two contrasting molecular environments

    Svetlana O Dodonova et al.
    A molecular model of the assembled COPI coat, determined by cryo-electron tomography of an in vitro reconstituted budding reaction, reveals details of interactions mediating coat assembly and shows the binding site of ArfGAP2.

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