285 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The molecular architecture of engulfment during Bacillus subtilis sporulation

    Kanika Khanna et al.
    In situ cryo-electron tomography unveils the molecular sociology of a developing sporangium in Bacillus subtilis, revealing critical information about cell wall remodeling and membrane migration in bacteria.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    mRNA-programmed translation pauses in the targeting of E. coli membrane proteins

    Nir Fluman et al.
    Translation pauses occur in strategic positions to facilitate the production of properly folded membrane proteins in bacteria.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    McsB forms a gated kinase chamber to mark aberrant bacterial proteins for degradation

    Bence Hajdusits et al.
    The McsB kinase is critical for protein quality control in Gram-positive bacteria, assembling a gated phosphorylation chamber during heat-shock conditions to selectively mark misfolded proteins for degradation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cell-wall remodeling drives engulfment during Bacillus subtilis sporulation

    Nikola Ojkic et al.
    Imaging experiments and simulations reveal that the biophysical mechanism for force generation needed to engulf a forespore is based on coordinated cell wall synthesis and degradation.
    1. Microbiology and infectious disease

    Asymmetric division triggers cell-specific gene expression through coupled capture and stabilization of a phosphatase

    Niels Bradshaw, Richard Losick
    Asymmetric cell division is linked to cell-specific transcription by handoff of a key developmental regulator from the cytokinetic machinery to the adjacent cell pole where it oligomerizes to become stabilized and activated.
    1. Cell Biology

    Bacterial fumarase and L-malic acid are evolutionary ancient components of the DNA damage response

    Esti Singer et al.
    The dual function of an ancient prokaryotic enzyme, which is linked to specific metabolite signals, may have been the evolutionary driving force behind its dual localization in eukaryotes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal antimicrobial toxicity is neutralized by an intracellular pathogen

    Hannah Tabakh et al.
    The aldehyde 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal is a novel component of the host antimicrobial reactive oxygen burst, and the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes encodes genes specifically for its detoxification.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Visualization and functional dissection of coaxial paired SpoIIIE channels across the sporulation septum

    Jae Yen Shin et al.
    SpoIIIE forms a protein channel that spans the two lipid bilayers of the septum and mediates chromosome translocation and reversible membrane fission during Bacilus subtilis sporulation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A mobile genetic element increases bacterial host fitness by manipulating development

    Joshua M Jones et al.
    A mobile genetic element provides a selective advantage to host cells by delaying development, including biofilm and spore formation, thereby enabling temporary cheating and extra divisions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    NusG is an intrinsic transcription termination factor that stimulates motility and coordinates gene expression with NusA

    Zachary F Mandell et al.
    The general transcription elongation factor NusG functions as an intrinsic termination factor in Bacillus subtilis and together with NusA coordinates global gene expression including the motility regulon.

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