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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    CarD uses a minor groove wedge mechanism to stabilize the RNA polymerase open promoter complex

    Brian Bae et al.
    The crystal structure of Thermus transcription activation complexes containing the transcriptional activator CarD reveals a new mechanism for the activation of transcription.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural and mechanistic basis of the EMC-dependent biogenesis of distinct transmembrane clients

    Lakshmi E Miller-Vedam et al.
    Structure-function characterization of the EMC's cytoplasmic, transmembrane, and lumenal domains reveal features critical for terminal helix insertion and a specialized role for the lumenal domain in polytopic membrane protein biogenesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Consistent global structures of complex RNA states through multidimensional chemical mapping

    Clarence Yu Cheng et al.
    A multidimensional chemical mapping strategy enables confident determination of the structures of non-coding RNAs at 1-nm resolution, including previously intractable riboswitch and human regulon states.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The 133-kDa N-terminal domain enables myosin 15 to maintain mechanotransducing stereocilia and is essential for hearing

    Qing Fang et al.
    Two myosin 15 isoforms are required separately for the development and long-term maintenance of hearing.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neural tuning matches frequency-dependent time differences between the ears

    Victor Benichoux et al.
    Complex properties of space-sensitive auditory neurons in cats mirror the complexity of acoustical environments.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Mitosis can drive cell cannibalism through entosis

    Joanne Durgan et al.
    Mitosis is found to act as a novel trigger for epithelial cell cannibalism, revealing an important link between cell division and death, of relevance to cancer and chemotherapy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cold-induced hyperphagia requires AgRP neuron activation in mice

    Jennifer D Deem et al.
    A combination of neuroscience approaches and indirect calorimetry demonstrate a physiological role for AgRP neurons in cold-induced hyperphagia and strongly suggest temperature is an important regulator of AgRP neuron activity.
    1. Cell Biology

    Aurora A depletion reveals centrosome-independent polarization mechanism in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Kerstin Klinkert et al.
    Experiments reveal mechanisms through which Caenorhabditis elegans zygotes depleted of Aurora A or lacking centrosomes spontaneously establish two posterior PAR-2 domains, one at each pole, in a curvature-dependent manner.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Structural inhibition of dynamin-mediated membrane fission by endophilin

    Annika Hohendahl et al.
    The BAR protein endophilin spaces out turns of the dynamin helix, blocking its active conformational change and membrane fission.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Functional interdependence of the actin nucleator Cobl and Cobl-like in dendritic arbor development

    Maryam Izadi et al.
    Extended biochemical and functional analyses in primary neurons show that early neuronal morphogenesis critically relies on cooperation of the actin nucleator Cobl and its ancestor Cobl-like and uncover their cooperative mechanisms at dendritic branch initiation sites.