226 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The effects of psychosocial stress on dopaminergic function and the acute stress response

    Michael AP Bloomfield et al.
    Imaging and laboratory-induced psychosocial stress showed that exposure to psychosocial adversity was associated with dampened striatal dopaminergic function alongside blunted physiological yet potentiated subjective responses to acute stress.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Screening identifies small molecules that enhance the maturation of human pluripotent stem cell-derived myotubes

    Sridhar Selvaraj et al.
    Treatment of human pluripotent stem cell-derived myotubes with a cocktail of small molecules induces their maturation, as shown by gene expression, biochemical and functional assays.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kv2.1 mediates spatial and functional coupling of L-type calcium channels and ryanodine receptors in mammalian neurons

    Nicholas C Vierra et al.
    A potassium channel, as a nonconducting function, organizes compartmentalized neuronal calcium signaling microdomains via structural and functional coupling of plasma membrane and endoplasmic reticulum calcium channels.
    1. Ecology

    Linking spatial patterns of terrestrial herbivore community structure to trophic interactions

    Jakub Witold Bubnicki et al.
    The spatial interactions between humans, large carnivores and herbivores cascade down in a complex but predictable way to lower trophic levels affecting regeneration of tree species in a temperate forest.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Dynamic turnover of centromeres drives karyotype evolution in Drosophila

    Ryan Bracewell et al.
    De novo formation of centromeres creates diverse karyotypes in flies and is accompanied by rapid turnover of centromere-associated satellite repeats.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Complement and CD4+ T cells drive context-specific corneal sensory neuropathy

    Derek J Royer et al.
    The complement pathway can contribute to corneal sensation loss and nerve damage during ocular surface inflammation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Human perivascular stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles mediate bone repair

    Jiajia Xu et al.
    Perivascular extracellular vesicles induce bone repair, and do so via tetraspanin binding to recipient skeletal progenitor cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A new class of disordered elements controls DNA replication through initiator self-assembly

    Matthew W Parker et al.
    DNA replication initiation proteins contain a disordered domain that impacts each stage of their function, from chromatin recruitment and initiator co-assembly to the subsequent displacement of the factors from chromatin.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Extensive intraspecies cryptic variation in an ancient embryonic gene regulatory network

    Yamila N Torres Cleuren et al.
    Quantitative genetic analyses reveal remarkably broad genetic variation underlies the requirement for two critical regulatory inputs into a core embryonic gene regulatory network within one animal species.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Hemimetabolous insects elucidate the origin of sexual development via alternative splicing

    Judith Wexler et al.
    Sexual differentiation controlled by sex-specific mRNA splicing evolved in a step-wise manner in insects.

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