22 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    BLOS1 mediates kinesin switch during endosomal recycling of LDL receptor

    Chang Zhang et al.
    BLOS1 is a new regulator of LDLR endosomal recycling through coordinating kinesins during long-range transport, and depletion of BLOS1 in mouse liver leads to aberrant lipid metabolism.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    BLOS2 negatively regulates Notch signaling during neural and hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell development

    Wenwen Zhou et al.
    The conserved mechanism of Notch down-regulation by endo-lysosomal trafficking plays important roles in the proliferation and differentiation of stem and progenitor cells during embryogenesis or organogenesis in vertebrates.
    1. Neuroscience

    Chronic 2P-STED imaging reveals high turnover of dendritic spines in the hippocampus in vivo

    Thomas Pfeiffer et al.
    Super-resolution STED microscopy is demonstrated for the first time in the deeply embedded mouse hippocampus in vivo, revealing direct evidence for an unprecedentedly high level of synapse remodeling in a brain structure closely associated with memory processing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Release probability increases towards distal dendrites boosting high-frequency signal transfer in the rodent hippocampus

    Thomas P Jensen et al.
    Excitatory synapses that occur further away from the postsynaptic cell soma exhibit greater neurotransmitter release probability, which appears to improve signal transfer fidelity for high-frequency afferent firing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Competition for synaptic building blocks shapes synaptic plasticity

    Jochen Triesch et al.
    Computational model reveals how the fast exchange of neurotransmitter receptors between synapses induces a competition leading to a transient form of heterosynaptic plasticity and shaping the induction of homosynaptic plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional clustering of dendritic activity during decision-making

    Aaron Kerlin et al.
    In motor cortex pyramidal neurons, diverse task-related signals are distributed throughout the dendritic arbor and compartmentalized by dendritic distance and branching.
    1. Neuroscience

    Small molecule cognitive enhancer reverses age-related memory decline in mice

    Karen Krukowski et al.
    Inhibition of the integrated stress response restores neuronal and immune dysfunction and alleviates memory deficits in aged mice.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Family history of Alzheimer’s disease alters cognition and is modified by medical and genetic factors

    Joshua S Talboom et al.
    An internet-based cohort study of paired associate learning shows that a first-degree family history of dementia is associated with lowered performance, an effect modified by apolipoprotein E genotype and diabetes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Biophysics of object segmentation in a collision-detecting neuron

    Richard Burkett Dewell, Fabrizio Gabbiani
    Active dendritic processing enables an individual neuron to discriminate the spatial pattern of synaptic inputs, increasing neural and behavioral selectivity for escaping an impending threat.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The retromer complex safeguards against neural progenitor-derived tumorigenesis by regulating Notch receptor trafficking

    Bo Li et al.
    The retromer complex serves as a bomb squad to retrieve and disarm the potentially harmful pool of Notch receptors in a timely manner and thereby safeguards against brain tumor formation.

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