634 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    SMOC can act as both an antagonist and an expander of BMP signaling

    J Terrig Thomas et al.
    SMOC inhibits BMP signaling locally, but also expands the range of BMP signaling by competing for heparan sulfate binding sites.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Systems biology derived source-sink mechanism of BMP gradient formation

    Joseph Zinski et al.
    Embryo-wide quantitative analysis of BMP signaling in zebrafish embryos, combined with a mathematical model-based computational screen, challenges the prevailing model of an antagonist counter-gradient shaping the gastrula BMP morphogen gradient and supports an antagonist sink with BMP diffusion mechanism.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A multi-scale model for hair follicles reveals heterogeneous domains driving rapid spatiotemporal hair growth patterning

    Qixuan Wang et al.
    Regional differences in activator and inhibitor signals alter hair cycle pace across mouse skin and produce unique fur renewal 'landscapes', with fastest renewal on the ventrum and slowest renewal on the ear pinnae.
    1. Developmental Biology

    An intrinsic cell cycle timer terminates limb bud outgrowth

    Joseph Pickering et al.
    Size control in limbs is an intrinsically determined process.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Eye morphogenesis driven by epithelial flow into the optic cup facilitated by modulation of bone morphogenetic protein

    Stephan Heermann et al.
    The lens-averted domains of the optic vesicle are reservoirs of neuroretinal cells that flow into the developing optic cup in a process that is critically influenced by BMP signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Injury-induced perivascular niche supports alternative differentiation of adult rodent CNS progenitor cells

    Justyna Ulanska-Poutanen et al.
    Distinctive microenvironments within demyelinated white matter determine fate decisions of adult oligodendrocyte progenitor cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Controlling opioid receptor functional selectivity by targeting distinct subpockets of the orthosteric site

    Rajendra Uprety et al.
    The structure-based design established a new approach to control pathway-selective activation of opioid receptors, resulting in new dual MOR/KOR G-protein biased agonist analgesics with attenuated liabilities.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neuron glutamate cotransmission evokes a delayed excitation in lateral dorsal striatal cholinergic interneurons

    Nao Chuhma et al.
    Dopamine neurons make novel glutamatergic connections to striatal cholinergic interneurons in the lateral dorsal striatum that are mediated by metabotropic glutamate receptors coupled to TrpC channels.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A counter gradient of Activin A and follistatin instructs the timing of hair cell differentiation in the murine cochlea

    Meenakshi Prajapati-DiNubila et al.
    Opposing gradients of activin A and follistatin within the spiral shaped mammalian cochlea instruct the graded pattern of mechano-sensory hair cell formation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Medicine

    APOE4 is associated with elevated blood lipids and lower levels of innate immune biomarkers in a tropical Amerindian subsistence population

    Angela R Garcia et al.
    The relationship between APOE genotype and disease risks may be environmentally moderated, with APOE4 being less harmful and unlikely to increase cardiometabolic risk in a physically active, energy-limited population.

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