211 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Dynamics of BMP signaling and distribution during zebrafish dorsal-ventral patterning

    Autumn P Pomreinke et al.
    Patterning of the dorsal-ventral axis in zebrafish is mediated by a graded source-sink mechanism in which diffusing BMP, produced from a ventrally biased source, is inhibited by dorsally-produced chordin.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Systems biology derived source-sink mechanism of BMP gradient formation

    Joseph Zinski et al.
    Embryo-wide quantitative analysis of BMP signaling in zebrafish embryos, combined with a mathematical model-based computational screen, challenges the prevailing model of an antagonist counter-gradient shaping the gastrula BMP morphogen gradient and supports an antagonist sink with BMP diffusion mechanism.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    USP5/Leon deubiquitinase confines postsynaptic growth by maintaining ubiquitin homeostasis through Ubiquilin

    Chien-Hsiang Wang et al.
    Maintenance of ubiquitin homeostasis is essential for proper control of the size of postsynaptic density and the growth of specialized membrane structure.
    1. Developmental Biology

    YAP is essential for mechanical force production and epithelial cell proliferation during lung branching morphogenesis

    Chuwen Lin et al.
    The control of local cell properties such as epithelial cell number and mechanical force production by Hippo signaling is a major determinant of lung branching.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neuron ensembles signal the content of sensory prediction errors

    Thomas A Stalnaker et al.
    Dopamine neurons function as an ensemble to signal a multidimensional feature prediction error.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Homeostatic control of cell wall hydrolysis by the WalRK two-component signaling pathway in Bacillus subtilis

    Genevieve S Dobihal et al.
    Molecular genetic analyses define the first homeostatic control pathway that maintains cell wall remodeling activity during bacterial growth.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    IFN-mediated negative feedback supports bacteria class-specific macrophage inflammatory responses

    Rachel A Gottschalk et al.
    Inflammatory dynamics are tailored to bacterial class through macrophage integration of microbial stimuli and cytokine feedback.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Distinct RanBP1 nuclear export and cargo dissociation mechanisms between fungi and animals

    Yuling Li et al.
    Animal RanBP1 nuclear export and cargo dissociation mechanisms are surprisingly different from yeast, due to mutations of critical residues, leading to greater nuclear transport efficiency and higher energy cost.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventrolateral periaqueductal gray neurons prioritize threat probability over fear output

    Kristina M Wright, Michael A McDannald
    Single-unit activity in the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray, a brain region implicated in organizing fear output, is found to reflect threat probability, a more versatile threat signal.
    1. Neuroscience

    MAPLE (modular automated platform for large-scale experiments), a robot for integrated organism-handling and phenotyping

    Tom Alisch et al.
    A new versatile, autonomous, robotic experimental platform (MAPLE) can increase the throughput of biological experiments by automating the growth and phenotyping of a variety of model organisms.

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