53 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of a bacterial ATP synthase

    Hui Guo et al.
    Construction of a first atomic model for an intact bacterial ATP synthase allows for a structural understanding of the roles of individual amino acids in the mechanism of ATP synthesis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Homeostatic control of cell wall hydrolysis by the WalRK two-component signaling pathway in Bacillus subtilis

    Genevieve S Dobihal et al.
    Molecular genetic analyses define the first homeostatic control pathway that maintains cell wall remodeling activity during bacterial growth.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Spatial and temporal organization of RecA in the Escherichia coli DNA-damage response

    Harshad Ghodke et al.
    Phase separated DNA-free stored forms of RecA dissolve in response to DNA damage to make RecA available for repair and recombination reactions as part of the bacterial (Escherichia coli) SOS response.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Structures of TorsinA and its disease-mutant complexed with an activator reveal the molecular basis for primary dystonia

    F Esra Demircioglu et al.
    High resolution structures of the essential human AAA+ ATPase TorsinA and its disease mutant in complex with an activator reveal details of the interaction that will guide drug design and further functional characterization.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Complex transcriptional regulation and independent evolution of fungal-like traits in a relative of animals

    Alex de Mendoza et al.
    Functional genomics reveal complex genome regulation during the coenocytic development of the ichthyosporean Creolimax fragrantissima, a protist closely related to animals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conformational dynamics of the nucleotide binding domains and the power stroke of a heterodimeric ABC transporter

    Smriti Mishra et al.
    The conformational cycle of an ABC heterodimeric transporter reveals a divergence in the structural mechanism of ABC exporters.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Expanding xylose metabolism in yeast for plant cell wall conversion to biofuels

    Xin Li et al.
    Parallel pathways of xylose metabolism identified in fungi that grow on plants can be used in yeast to promote hemicellulose conversion to biofuels.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Maturing Mycobacterium smegmatis peptidoglycan requires non-canonical crosslinks to maintain shape

    Catherine Baranowski et al.
    Polar elongating mycobacteria (Mycobacterium smegmatis) require specific cell wall chemistries, those catalyzed by targets of critical antibiotics, to maintain rod shape at aging sites of the bacillus.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Enterococcus faecium secreted antigen A generates muropeptides to enhance host immunity and limit bacterial pathogenesis

    Byungchul Kim et al.
    Enterococci faecium encodes unique peptidoglycan composition and remodeling activity that activates host immunity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Hedgehog signaling patterns the oral-aboral axis of the mandibular arch

    Jingyue Xu et al.
    SHH signaling acts through FOXF1/2 transcription factors and antagonizes BMP signaling to specify oral fate and pattern the oral-aboral axis of the mandibular arch to ensure proper formation of jaws.

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