63 results found
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Topography and motion of acid-sensing ion channel intracellular domains

    Tyler Couch et al.
    The cytosolic elements of the acid-sensing ion channel move toward the plasma membrane when the channel is exposed to acidic conditions.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Analysis of the PcrA-RNA polymerase complex reveals a helicase interaction motif and a role for PcrA/UvrD helicase in the suppression of R-loops

    Inigo Urrutia-Irazabal et al.
    RNA polymerase recruits the PcrA DNA helicase via a conserved interaction motif in order to remove R-loops and prevent conflicts with replication.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Folding of cohesin’s coiled coil is important for Scc2/4-induced association with chromosomes

    Naomi J Petela et al.
    First evidence of cohesin folding occurring in vivo and during cohesion together with a detailed description of the structural aspects of cohesin's elbow folding through a series of novel structures.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrated sensing of host stresses by inhibition of a cytoplasmic two-component system controls M. tuberculosis acute lung infection

    John A Buglino et al.
    M. tuberculosis, the bacterium that causes the disease tuberculosis, uses a signaling system that senses multiple products of the host's immune system to modify gene expression to colonize the lung.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Local genetic context shapes the function of a gene regulatory network

    Anna Nagy-Staron et al.
    The phenotype of a gene regulatory network depends both qualitatively and quantitatively on the local genetic context of its individual components and cannot necessarily be predicted solely from network's topology.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A conserved cell division protein directly regulates FtsZ dynamics in filamentous and unicellular actinobacteria

    Félix Ramos-León et al.
    Identification of a novel regulator that directly influences the assembly and function of the cell division machinery in industrially and medically important bacteria.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Reformulation of an extant ATPase active site to mimic ancestral GTPase activity reveals a nucleotide base requirement for function

    Taylor B Updegrove et al.
    Reengineering the nucleotide-binding pocket of an extant ATPase to restore ancestral GTPase activity revealed an ATP-dependent intermediate required for function and suggested why the protein evolved to use ATP.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Whole genome phylogenies reflect the distributions of recombination rates for many bacterial species

    Thomas Sakoparnig et al.
    For many bacterial species, recombination dominates genome evolution and phylogenetic patterns that have so far been assumed to reflect clonal relationships, in fact reflect variation in recombination rates across lineages.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Membrane-partitioned cell wall synthesis in mycobacteria

    Alam García-Heredia et al.
    Mycobacteria employ plasma membrane compartments to organize their cell wall synthesis, and the finalized cell wall compartmentalizes the plasma membrane to promote an environment conducive to its own synthesis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Universal and taxon-specific trends in protein sequences as a function of age

    Jennifer E James et al.
    Ancient protein domains remain shaped by amino acid availability during early life, while young animal proteins are shaped by a need for high intrinsic structural disorder.

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