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    1. Physics of Living Systems

    High-speed motility originates from cooperatively pushing and pulling flagella bundles in bilophotrichous bacteria

    Klaas Bente et al.
    Bacteria reach swimming speeds of several hundred body lengths per second and change direction in less than 5 ms by using coordinated flagella bundle agitation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A systematically-revised ribosome profiling method for bacteria reveals pauses at single-codon resolution

    Fuad Mohammad et al.
    With the removal of confounding artifacts, ribosome profiling can yield insight into the mechanism of protein synthesis in bacteria at high resolution.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Niche partitioning facilitates coexistence of closely related honey bee gut bacteria

    Silvia Brochet et al.
    Experiments in gnotobiotic bees and culture tubes can recapitulate gut microbiota coexistence patterns observed in nature.
    1. Ecology

    Dynamic metabolic exchange governs a marine algal-bacterial interaction

    Einat Segev et al.
    Physical and chemical interactions with bacteria influence the life and death of Emiliania huxleyi, a bloom-forming micro-alga important in global biogeochemical cycles.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Colistin kills bacteria by targeting lipopolysaccharide in the cytoplasmic membrane

    Akshay Sabnis et al.
    Modulation of cytoplasmic lipopolysaccharide levels sensitises bacteria to polymyxin antibiotics, revealing a novel combination therapeutic approach.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Systematic detection of horizontal gene transfer across genera among multidrug-resistant bacteria in a single hospital

    Daniel R Evans et al.
    Mobile genetic elements were identified and tracked as they exchanged between multidrug-resistant bacteria causing infections at a single hospital.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Discovery of a small molecule that inhibits bacterial ribosome biogenesis

    Jonathan M Stokes et al.
    The anticonvulsant drug lamotrigine inhibits bacterial ribosome biogenesis and reveals an unexplored role for initiation factor 2 (IF2) in ribosome assembly.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolutionary pathways to antibiotic resistance are dependent upon environmental structure and bacterial lifestyle

    Alfonso Santos-Lopez et al.
    Bacteria growing in biofilms evolve antimicrobial resistance via different pathways and generate greater genetic diversity than well-mixed populations, selecting fitter but less resistant genotypes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Gut bacterial aggregates as living gels

    Brandon H Schlomann, Raghuveer Parthasarathy
    A theory of gut bacterial aggregation produces a cluster size distribution that matches that of several strains observed in zebrafish, suggesting principles generally applicable to the vertebrate gut.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    A lung-on-chip model of early Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection reveals an essential role for alveolar epithelial cells in controlling bacterial growth

    Vivek V Thacker et al.
    Time-lapse imaging and the modular recreation of host physiology reveal that alveolar epithelial cells, potential permissive infection sites for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, can restrict early bacterial growth via surfactant secretion.