3,721 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Echolocation: Smart bats click twice

    Manfred Kössl, Julio Hechavarría
    The acoustic representation of the outside world in the midbrain of a bat becomes more precise as it uses double clicks to locate closer objects.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Accelerated viral dynamics in bat cell lines, with implications for zoonotic emergence

    Cara E Brook et al.
    Bats' uniquely robust innate antiviral immune defenses select for faster transmitting viruses likely to generate extreme virulence upon spillover to secondary hosts with immune systems divergent from those of bat.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Homeostatic and tumourigenic activity of SOX2+ pituitary stem cells is controlled by the LATS/YAP/TAZ cascade

    Emily J Lodge et al.
    The LATS/YAP/TAZ cascade promotes SOX2+ pituitary stem cell fate and when over-activated, transforms normal stem cells into cancer stem cells.
    1. Ecology

    Acoustic shadows help gleaning bats find prey, but may be defeated by prey acoustic camouflage on rough surfaces

    Elizabeth L Clare, Marc W Holderied
    Some species of bats hunt for insects that are resting on surfaces by detecting interruptions in the echoes from that surface, suggesting that resting on rough surfaces may help insects to evade detection by echolocation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic representation of 3D auditory space in the midbrain of the free-flying echolocating bat

    Ninad B Kothari et al.
    Neurons in the midbrain superior colliculus of free-flying echolocating bats represent 3D sensory space, and the depth tuning of single neurons is modulated by an animal's active sonar inspection of physical objects in its environment.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A sensorimotor model shows why a spectral jamming avoidance response does not help bats deal with jamming

    Omer Mazar, Yossi Yovel
    An elaborated bat-predator model shows that even in high bat-densities, bats can successfully catch flying insects and that changing their signals’ frequency is not necessary for dealing with sensory interference.
    1. Ecology

    Cyclic bouts of extreme bradycardia counteract the high metabolism of frugivorous bats

    M Teague O'Mara et al.
    Novel heart rate strategies that minimize energy expenditure during the day are necessary to cope with high energy nocturnal lifestyles of tent-making bats.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortex-dependent recovery of unassisted hindlimb locomotion after complete spinal cord injury in adult rats

    Anitha Manohar et al.
    After complete spinal transection in adult rats, careful combinations of pharmacological and physical therapies create a novel cortical sensorimotor circuit that may bypass the lesion through biomechanical coupling, allowing animals to recover unassisted hindlimb locomotion.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Filovirus receptor NPC1 contributes to species-specific patterns of ebolavirus susceptibility in bats

    Melinda Ng et al.
    NPC1 is a genetic determinant of filovirus susceptibility in bats, and some variations in bat NPC1 may reflect host adaptations to reduce filovirus replication and virulence.
    1. Medicine

    TMAO, a seafood-derived molecule, produces diuresis and reduces mortality in heart failure rats

    Marta Gawrys-Kopczynska et al.
    Trimethylamine-oxide (TMAO), a molecule present in seafood, reduces mortality and exerts beneficial effects on the circulatory system in heart failure rats.

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