494 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The periaqueductal gray and Bayesian integration in placebo analgesia

    Arvina Grahl et al.
    Bayesian integration is able to predict placebo treatment outcomes by focusing especially on the influence of the precision of expectations.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Bayesian model of context-sensitive value attribution

    Francesco Rigoli et al.
    The dependence of incentive value attribution on the anticipation of rewards within a given context is explained via a normative Bayesian account of how rewards map to incentive values.
    1. Neuroscience

    Autistic traits, but not schizotypy, predict increased weighting of sensory information in Bayesian visual integration

    Povilas Karvelis et al.
    Autistic traits are associated with weaker influence of prior expectations in visual perception, which is due to more precise sensory representations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bayesian analysis of retinotopic maps

    Noah C Benson, Jonathan Winawer
    A novel Bayesian method of modeling retinotopic maps is more accurate than traditional voxel-wise methods and can be used to automatically derive high-quality maps.
    1. Neuroscience

    A unified internal model theory to resolve the paradox of active versus passive self-motion sensation

    Jean Laurens, Dora E Angelaki
    Central vestibular regions in the brainstem and cerebellum perform dynamic Bayesian inference to combine motor commands and sensory signals into an optimal estimate of self-motion.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Stochastic modelling, Bayesian inference, and new in vivo measurements elucidate the debated mtDNA bottleneck mechanism

    Iain G Johnston et al.
    New modelling, statistics, and experiments show that cellular populations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) evolve during development according to solvable stochastic dynamics involving binomial partitioning and random turnover, facilitating a predictive and quantitative theory of the mtDNA bottleneck.
    1. Plant Biology

    Convergent Evolution: Shining fresh light on the evolution of photosynthesis

    Areejit Samal, Olivier C Martin
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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrating influenza antigenic dynamics with molecular evolution

    Trevor Bedford et al.
    Combined antigenic and genetic analysis shows that different strains of the human influenza virus display dramatically different rates of antigenic drift, and that these differences have a significant impact on the number of new infections in each flu season.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inferring eye position from populations of lateral intraparietal neurons

    Arnulf BA Graf, Richard A Andersen
    An area of visual-motor cortex called the lateral intraparietal area encodes eye position signals that support visually-guided behaviors and image stabilization.

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