506 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A Bayesian model of context-sensitive value attribution

    Francesco Rigoli et al.
    The dependence of incentive value attribution on the anticipation of rewards within a given context is explained via a normative Bayesian account of how rewards map to incentive values.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Coverage and system efficiencies of insecticide-treated nets in Africa from 2000 to 2017

    Samir Bhatt et al.
    Insecticide-treated net requirements for Africa have been underestimated, but mitigating for inefficiencies in net distributions can produce a cost effective path to universal coverage.
    1. Neuroscience

    A unified internal model theory to resolve the paradox of active versus passive self-motion sensation

    Jean Laurens, Dora E Angelaki
    Central vestibular regions in the brainstem and cerebellum perform dynamic Bayesian inference to combine motor commands and sensory signals into an optimal estimate of self-motion.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Structure in the variability of the basic reproductive number (R0) for Zika epidemics in the Pacific islands

    Clara Champagne et al.
    Stochastic models able to reproduce both incidence and seroprevalence data for Zika outbreaks in the Pacific Islands estimate that the basic reproduction number (R0) is between 1.5 and 4.1.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural basis of somatosensory target detection independent of uncertainty, relevance, and reports

    Pia Schröder et al.
    Neural correlates of somatosensory target detection are restricted to secondary somatosensory cortex, whereas activity in insular, cingulate, and motor regions reflects stimulus uncertainty and overt reports.
    1. Plant Biology

    Phenotypic landscape inference reveals multiple evolutionary paths to C4 photosynthesis

    Ben P Williams et al.
    Computational modelling indicates that C4 photosynthesis in distantly related plant species arose through a number of independent evolutionary paths.
    1. Plant Biology

    Convergent Evolution: Shining fresh light on the evolution of photosynthesis

    Areejit Samal, Olivier C Martin
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  1. Research: Publication bias and the canonization of false facts

    Silas Boye Nissen et al.
    Publication bias, in which positive results are preferentially reported by authors and published by journals, can restrict the visibility of evidence against false claims and allow such claims to be canonized inappropriately as facts.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Meta-Research: Centralized scientific communities are less likely to generate replicable results

    Valentin Danchev et al.
    Analysis of data on drug-gene interactions suggests that decentralized collaboration will increase the robustness of scientific findings in biomedical research.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Adverse Drug Reactions: The benefits of data mining

    Audrey Bone, Keith Houck
    Careful analysis of a database populated by physicians and patients sheds new light on the side effects of drugs.
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