1,452 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Contingency and chance erase necessity in the experimental evolution of ancestral proteins

    Victoria Cochran Xie et al.
    Replicating experimental evolution from ancestral proteins shows that historical contingency steadily overwhelms chance and necessity as the primary cause of evolutionary variation in molecular sequences on long phylogenetic timescales.
    1. Cell Biology

    Bid maintains mitochondrial cristae structure and function and protects against cardiac disease in an integrative genomics study

    Christi T Salisbury-Ruf et al.
    An integrative approach, combining genetic mouse and large-scale human genetics studies, was used to reveal a novel role for the Bcl-2 protein Bid in maintenance of mitochondrial function that alters susceptibility to myocardial infarction.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The carboxyl-terminal sequence of bim enables bax activation and killing of unprimed cells

    Xiaoke Chi et al.
    The C-terminal membrane binding domain of Bim is shown to interact with and activate Bim enabling it to kill cells not dependent on anti-apoptotic proteins for survival.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Epistatic mutations in PUMA BH3 drive an alternate binding mode to potently and selectively inhibit anti-apoptotic Bfl-1

    Justin M Jenson et al.
    Short peptides that bind tightly to anti-apoptotic protein Bfl-1 but not other Bcl-2 family members provide a tool for diagnosing cancer cell survival mechanisms and a lead for developing new therapeutics.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Bim escapes displacement by BH3-mimetic anti-cancer drugs by double-bolt locking both Bcl-XL and Bcl-2

    Qian Liu et al.
    The pro-apoptotic BH3-protein Bim contains two distinct binding sites for anti-apoptotic proteins that together confer resistance of Bim/Bcl-2 and Bim/Bcl-XL complexes to BH3-mimetic drugs under development for use in humans.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    BAD inactivation exacerbates rheumatoid arthritis pathology by promoting survival of sublining macrophages

    Jie Li et al.
    Phosphorylation-mediated inactivation of pro-apoptotic BCL-2 family protein BAD confers the apoptosis resistance on synovial sublining macrophages, thereby contributing to the development of rheumatoid arthritis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Autophagic cell death is dependent on lysosomal membrane permeability through Bax and Bak

    Jason Karch et al.
    Molecular pathways controlling autophagic cell death are regulated at the level of the lysosome through the activity of the pro-death Bcl-2 family member Bax/Bak.
    1. Cell Biology

    BUB-1 targets PP2A:B56 to regulate chromosome congression during meiosis I in C. elegans oocytes

    Laura Bel Borja et al.
    BUB-1 recruits PP2A/B56 to regulate chromosome congression in meiosis I.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The vascular niche controls Drosophila hematopoiesis via fibroblast growth factor signaling

    Manon Destalminil-Letourneau et al.
    Two niches contribute to the control of Drosophila blood cell homeostasis through their differential regulation of hematopoietic progenitors.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Chromatin accessibility dynamics and single cell RNA-Seq reveal new regulators of regeneration in neural progenitors

    Anneke Dixie Kakebeen et al.
    Regenerating neural progenitors of the Xenopus tropicalis tail prioritize differentiation to motor neuron types earlier than proliferation, a decision partly regulated by the transcription factors Pbx3 and Meis1.

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