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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Divergent Cl- and H+ pathways underlie transport coupling and gating in CLC exchangers and channels

    Lilia Leisle et al.
    Combined simulations and electrophysiological experiments show that the CLC channels and exchangers form physically distinct and evolutionarily conserved pathways through which Cl- and H+ ions move when crossing biological membranes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    CNApp, a tool for the quantification of copy number alterations and integrative analysis revealing clinical implications

    Sebastià Franch-Expósito et al.
    CNApp is a novel and unique web-based software that enables the performance of comprehensive and integrative analysis of genomic copy number alterations to uncover new associations with patient-oriented relevance.
    1. Cell Biology

    Disordered clusters of Bak dimers rupture mitochondria during apoptosis

    Rachel T Uren et al.
    Dimers of Bak assemble into clusters without using a distinct protein-protein interface, which may explain the apparent difficulties in obtaining high resolution structures of the pore complex and in targeting dimer-dimer interactions to regulate apoptosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Electron tomography visualization of HIV-1 fusion with target cells using fusion inhibitors to trap the pre-hairpin intermediate

    Mark S Ladinsky et al.
    Visualization of HIV-1 fusion by trapping the prehairpin intermediate.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Arp2/3 complex-driven spatial patterning of the BCR enhances immune synapse formation, BCR signaling and B cell activation

    Madison Bolger-Munro et al.
    Arp2/3 complex-mediated actin polymerization shapes how B lymphocytes probe the surface of antigen-presenting cells, promotes coalescence of B cell receptor (BCR) microclusters, amplifies BCR signaling, and enhances B cell activation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of the CLC-1 chloride channel from Homo sapiens

    Eunyong Park, Roderick MacKinnon
    A cryo-electron microscopy study of the human CLC-1 chloride ion channel reveals the structural basis of why some CLC proteins function as passive chloride channels whereas others function as an active proton-chloride antiporters.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Yap1 safeguards mouse embryonic stem cells from excessive apoptosis during differentiation

    Lucy LeBlanc et al.
    During ES cell differentiation, Yap1 directly regulates apoptosis-related genes like Bcl-2 and Mcl-1 to attenuate apoptosis and promote cell survival to allow for successful cell fate changes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Identification of a super-functional Tfh-like subpopulation in murine lupus by pattern perception

    Stefanie Gryzik et al.
    A novel binning approach provides evidence for super-functional T cells with high activation potential and which exhibit Tfh-like functionalities and can help B cells.
    1. Cancer Biology

    FGF2-FGFR1 signaling regulates release of Leukemia-Protective exosomes from bone marrow stromal cells

    Nathalie Javidi-Sharifi et al.
    Inhibition of FGF2-FGFR1 signaling in bone marrow stroma attenuates secretion of FGF2-laden exosomes and subsequent protection of leukemia cells.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Vitamin A supplements, routine immunization, and the subsequent risk of Plasmodium infection among children under 5 years in sub-Saharan Africa

    Maria-Graciela Hollm-Delgado et al.
    An analysis of national survey data shows that vitamin A might protect against malaria infection, an effect potentially modified by seasonality, and that no routine vaccinations were linked to parasitemia, though BCG vaccination was associated with PfHRP-2 antigenemia.