2,600 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The stress-responsive kinases MAPKAPK2/MAPKAPK3 activate starvation-induced autophagy through Beclin 1 phosphorylation

    Yongjie Wei et al.
    Nutrient starvation activates autophagy by a novel signaling mechanism that is blocked by one of the major autophagy inhibitors.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Recognition of tumor cells by Dectin-1 orchestrates innate immune cells for anti-tumor responses

    Shiho Chiba et al.
    An immune system pattern recognition receptor potentiates anti-tumor innate immune responses, offering new insight into anti-tumor activity of the innate immune system.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mapping replication dynamics in Trypanosoma brucei reveals a link with telomere transcription and antigenic variation

    Rebecca Devlin et al.
    Mapping DNA replication timing, allied to genetic analysis of a RecQ repair helicase, reveals that antigenic variation in the African trypanosome may be initiated by locus-specific, replication-derived sequence instability.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A transmission-virulence evolutionary trade-off explains attenuation of HIV-1 in Uganda

    François Blanquart et al.
    Analysis of epidemiological data reveals that viral loads in newly HIV-1 infected individuals in Uganda have declined for two decades, and evolutionary modelling shows that attenuation of the virus explains this decline.
    1. Neuroscience

    Extended field-of-view ultrathin microendoscopes for high-resolution two-photon imaging with minimal invasiveness

    Andrea Antonini et al.
    Aberration correction using 3D microprinting in ultrathin microendoscopes allows two-photon imaging of large neuronal networks with homogeneously high spatial resolution and minimal invasiveness in the deep mouse brain.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Determination of ubiquitin fitness landscapes under different chemical stresses in a classroom setting

    David Mavor et al.
    Chemical perturbation-dependent deep mutational scanning data collected by a lab-based interdisciplinary graduate class resolves a paradox between the high evolution conservation and the high mutational tolerance of the protein ubiquitin.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The AFF4 scaffold binds human P-TEFb adjacent to HIV Tat

    Ursula Schulze-Gahmen et al.
    Structure-function analysis of the super elongation complex formed when HIV replicates inside cells reveals that the HIV-1 Tat protein binds to a cleft between P-TEFb, an enzyme that is involved in normal transcription, and AFF4, a protein that is used to build the super elongation complex
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome plasticity in Candida albicans is driven by long repeat sequences

    Robert T Todd et al.
    Previously uncharacterized long repeat sequences are associated with significant genome variation that can increase fitness and promote antifungal drug resistance in diverse isolates of Candida albicans.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Receptor-specific interactome as a hub for rapid cue-induced selective translation in axons

    Max Koppers et al.
    Multiple axonal guidance receptors control the local and selective translation of mRNAs by binding to ribosomes, specific mRNAs and RNA-binding proteins.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The CDK-PLK1 axis targets the DNA damage checkpoint sensor protein RAD9 to promote cell proliferation and tolerance to genotoxic stress

    Takeshi Wakida et al.
    Minimizing anti-proliferation signaling from DNA damage detection machinery is the tactic for the cells to drive proliferation under genotoxic environment, and the function is exerted by Polo-Like-Kinase1 that is frequently over-expressed in cancer cells.

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