357 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Local projections of layer Vb-to-Va are more prominent in lateral than in medial entorhinal cortex

    Shinya Ohara et al.
    The connection from layer Vb-to-Va neurons, a key component of the canonical hippocampal-cortical output circuit, which is allegedly crucial for memory consolidation, is relatively stronger in lateral entorhinal cortex compared with the medial entorhinal cortex, thus suggesting different operating principles.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional insights from a surface antigen mRNA-bound proteome

    Larissa Melo do Nascimento et al.
    A robust procedure to purify mRNAs and their associated proteins identify CFB2 as the critical protein that binds and influences the fate of the main virulence factor in Trypanosoma brucei.
    1. Developmental Biology

    In vivo proximity labeling identifies cardiomyocyte protein networks during zebrafish heart regeneration

    Mira I Pronobis et al.
    Proximity labeling-based proteomic strategies applied in zebrafish identify new insights into protein network changes in heart muscle cells during regeneration and implicate Rho A as a target of ErbB2 signaling during zebrafish heart regeneration.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Three-dimensional reconstruction of a whole insect reveals its phloem sap-sucking mechanism at nano-resolution

    Xin-Qiu Wang et al.
    3D reconstruction for an insect provides new internal structures at nanometer resolution, and the reconstructed feeding insect reveals unexpected contraction of stylet protractors and suggested a novel phloem sap-sucking model.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Convalescent COVID-19 patients are susceptible to endothelial dysfunction due to persistent immune activation

    Florence WJ Chioh et al.
    COVID-19 survivors, who are at risk for vascular complications, would benefit from close monitoring and preventive therapy.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Effects of domestication on the gut microbiota parallel those of human industrialization

    Aspen T Reese et al.
    Gut microbial signatures of domestication parallel those of industrialization, implicating shared ecological drivers.
    1. Cell Biology

    The SWELL1-LRRC8 complex regulates endothelial AKT-eNOS signaling and vascular function

    Ahmad F Alghanem et al.
    SWELL1 is required for basal, stretch, and flow-mediated endothelial AKT-eNOS signaling in vitro and protects against angiotensin-induced hypertension and diabetes-associated vascular dysfunction in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Brain endothelial cell TRPA1 channels initiate neurovascular coupling

    Pratish Thakore et al.
    Activation of TRPA1 channels on cerebral capillary endothelial cells initiates a retrograde signal that propagates and dilates upstream arterioles.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    New light shed on the early evolution of limb-bone growth plate and bone marrow

    Jordi Estefa et al.
    A three-dimensional investigation of extinct-tetrapod limbs shows that even though bone elongation and blood-cell production are intimately related to mammal long bones, these functions actually appeared successively in tetrapod evolution.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Peripheral natural killer cells in chronic hepatitis B patients display multiple molecular features of T cell exhaustion

    Marie Marotel et al.
    Similar to T cell exhaustion, natural killer cell dysfunction in chronic hepatitis B patients results from deregulated calcium pathway.

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