899 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bile salt receptor complex activates a pathogenic type III secretion system

    Peng Li et al.
    Microbial genetics and biophysical analyses provide insight into an evolutionarily conserved bile salt receptor complex used by pathogenic bacteria to sense their environment.
    1. Ecology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Peromyscus mice as a model for studying natural variation

    Nicole L Bedford, Hopi E Hoekstra
    The deer mouse (Peromyscus) has emerged as a model system for studying many aspects of biology, supported by extensive historical knowledge of its fascinating and varied natural history.
    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit mechanism for decision-making biases and NMDA receptor hypofunction

    Sean Edward Cavanagh et al.
    Ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist and experimental model for schizophrenia, produces decision-making deficits in monkeys, which are predicted by a lowering of cortical excitation-inhibition balance in a spiking circuit model.
    1. Neuroscience

    Feeding state functionally reconfigures a sensory circuit to drive thermosensory behavioral plasticity

    Asuka Takeishi et al.
    Starvation modulates thermotaxis behaviors in C. elegans via functional reconfiguration of a sensory network by gut-brain signaling.
    1. Cancer Biology

    The identification of dual protective agents against cisplatin-induced oto- and nephrotoxicity using the zebrafish model

    Jaime N Wertman et al.
    L-mimosine and dopamine protect against cisplatin-induced oto- and nephrotoxicity in zebrafish and human cell line models.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Building the vertebrate codex using the gene breaking protein trap library

    Noriko Ichino et al.
    The analysis of the first 1000 revertible protein trap alleles in zebrafish resulted in new functional genomic annotations and produced a panel of potential new models of human disease.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Growth-factor-mediated coupling between lineage size and cell fate choice underlies robustness of mammalian development

    Néstor Saiz et al.
    A mechanistic basis is provided for the regulative ability of the mammalian embryo offering a long-sought explanation for coordinating cell behaviors at the population level ensuring robustness in developmental outcome.
    1. Neuroscience

    Chronic postnatal chemogenetic activation of forebrain excitatory neurons evokes persistent changes in mood behavior

    Sthitapranjya Pati et al.
    Enhanced Gq-signaling-mediated activation of forebrain excitatory neurons in postnatal life programs enhanced anxiety-, despair- and schizophrenia-like behavior, recapitulating key aspects of the behavioral consequences of early life adversity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Antibody escape by polyomavirus capsid mutation facilitates neurovirulence

    Matthew D Lauver et al.
    Cryo EM and a custom subvolume refinement approach applied to mouse polyomavirus revealed the in vivo impact of polyomavirus capsid mutations on antiviral antibody immunoevasion and neurovirulence.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Vibrio deploys type 2 secreted lipase to esterify cholesterol with host fatty acids and mediate cell egress

    Suneeta Chimalapati et al.
    Considering the course of a pathogen's evolution, there appears to be interplay between secretion systems, providing unique, synergistic mechanisms to support a successful lifestyle for possibly pathogenesis, symbiosis and/or parasitosis.

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