820 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic plasticity in the retina is associated with maintenance of night vision during retinal degenerative disease

    Henri Leinonen et al.
    Mouse retina manifests homeostatic plasticity and adapts to photoreceptor degeneration to resist visual decline.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A single-cell atlas of the mouse and human prostate reveals heterogeneity and conservation of epithelial progenitors

    Laura Crowley et al.
    Single-cell analyses identify distinct epithelial populations that are conserved between the adult mouse and human prostate, including populations with properties of multipotent progenitors in organoid formation and tissue reconstitution assays.
    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit mechanism for decision-making biases and NMDA receptor hypofunction

    Sean Edward Cavanagh et al.
    Ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist and experimental model for schizophrenia, produces decision-making deficits in monkeys, which are predicted by a lowering of cortical excitation-inhibition balance in a spiking circuit model.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Enteric glia as a source of neural progenitors in adult zebrafish

    Sarah McCallum et al.
    Characterization of a novel population of enteric nervous system glial cells in zebrafish reveals their proliferative and neurogenic properties under homeostatic conditions in adults, properties difficult to model in mammals.
    1. Neuroscience

    CB1-receptor-mediated inhibitory LTD triggers presynaptic remodeling via protein synthesis and ubiquitination

    Hannah R Monday et al.
    CB1-receptor-mediated inhibitory long-term depression (LTD) relies on both protein synthesis and ubiquitination to elicit structural changes that underlie long-term reduction of GABA release.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Identification of protein-protected mRNA fragments and structured excised intron RNAs in human plasma by TGIRT-seq peak calling

    Jun Yao et al.
    Human plasma contains protein-protected mRNA fragments, myriad repeat RNAs, and novel intron RNAs, including a family of structured full-length excised introns, some corresponding to mirtron pre-miRNAs and agotrons.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    A cross-kingdom conserved ER-phagy receptor maintains endoplasmic reticulum homeostasis during stress

    Madlen Stephani et al.
    C53 bridges selective autophagy with ribosome-associated quality control at the endoplasmic reticulum.
    1. Cell Biology

    Atg1 kinase in fission yeast is activated by Atg11-mediated dimerization and cis-autophosphorylation

    Zhao-Qian Pan et al.
    A mechanistic dissection of how autophagy kinase Atg1 is activated in fission yeast reveals surprising differences from the known Atg1 activation mechanisms previously defined in budding yeast.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cadherin clusters stabilized by a combination of specific and nonspecific cis-interactions

    Connor J Thompson et al.
    A combined experimental and computational approach was developed to understand lateral interactions between membrane-bound proteins and used to quantify the contributions of specific and non-specific interactions to cadherin cis-binding kinetics.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Growth-factor-mediated coupling between lineage size and cell fate choice underlies robustness of mammalian development

    Néstor Saiz et al.
    A mechanistic basis is provided for the regulative ability of the mammalian embryo offering a long-sought explanation for coordinating cell behaviors at the population level ensuring robustness in developmental outcome.

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