79 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The kinetoplastid-infecting Bodo saltans virus (BsV), a window into the most abundant giant viruses in the sea

    Christoph M Deeg et al.
    Bodo saltans virus defines the most abundant giant viruses in the ocean and highlights the genomic plasticity, rooted in evolutionary arms races, that gave rise to giant viruses.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology
    Rat illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The Norway rat, from an obnoxious pest to a laboratory pet

    Klaudia Modlinska, Wojciech Pisula
    The rat is much more than a simple model, and a better appreciation of the natural history of wild rats would increase its value as a research organism.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Manipulation of the human tRNA pool reveals distinct tRNA sets that act in cellular proliferation or cell cycle arrest

    Noa Aharon-Hefetz et al.
    Systematic CRISPR-based editing of tRNA genes revealed that different human cells that span a range of growth rates and different modes of proliferation states require diverse tRNA sets.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural model for differential cap maturation at growing microtubule ends

    Juan Estévez-Gallego et al.
    The tubulin GTPase cycle structurally modulates the microtubule cap, causing lattice expansion, which is an intermediate state involved in phosphate release and regulatory signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Crystal structure of an HIV assembly and maturation switch

    Jonathan M Wagner et al.
    Folding and unfolding of a 6-helix bundle controls HIV assembly and maturation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ensemble cryo-EM uncovers inchworm-like translocation of a viral IRES through the ribosome

    Priyanka D Abeyrathne et al.
    An ensemble of cryo-EM structures reveals how eukaryotic elongation factor 2 positions the first codon of a viral mRNA for translation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Developmental Biology

    An ancient Pygo-dependent Wnt enhanceosome integrated by Chip/LDB-SSDP

    Marc Fiedler et al.
    The Chip/LDB-SSDP complex integrates multiple signals to render TCF/LEF enhancers Wnt responsive.
    1. Neuroscience

    Layer 2/3 pyramidal cells in the medial prefrontal cortex moderate stress induced depressive behaviors

    Prerana Shrestha et al.
    The well-established link between stress and depression could be due to the activity of a population of cells in prefrontal cortex that express a gene mutated in the rare disorder Wolfram syndrome.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Hemozoin produced by mammals confers heme tolerance

    Rini H Pek et al.
    Heme accumulation is toxic, but deficiency of the heme transporter HRG1/SLC48A1 causes heme sequestration and crystallization into hemozoin within enlarged lysosomes of macrophages, thereby conferring heme tolerance to mammals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Generality and opponency of rostromedial tegmental (RMTg) roles in valence processing

    Hao Li et al.
    Rostromedial tegmental neurons encode motivational valence and opponent responses across a wide range of affective stimulus modalities, while also driving dopamine inhibition and conditioned place aversion to aversive stimuli.

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