4,572 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Inferring multi-scale neural mechanisms with brain network modelling

    Michael Schirner et al.
    Hybrid brain network models predict neurophysiological processes that link structural and functional empirical data across scales and modalities in order to better understand neural information processing and its relation to brain function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multi-contrast anatomical subcortical structures parcellation

    Pierre-Louis Bazin et al.
    An open-source software tool enables the anatomical parcellation of an unprecedented number of subcortical structures in magnetic resonance images of the human brain, automatically and in individual subjects.
    1. Neuroscience

    The effect of perinatal brain injury on dopaminergic function and hippocampal volume in adult life

    Sean Froudist-Walsh et al.
    Perinatal brain injury is associated with altered dopaminergic function and reduced hippocampal volume in adulthood in humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Empirical examination of the replicability of associations between brain structure and psychological variables

    Shahrzad Kharabian Masouleh et al.
    Empirical evaluations demonstrate the low probability of finding and replicating significant associations between psychological tests and brain structure in healthy adults, highlighting the importance out-of-sample replication of exploratory findings.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decreased brain connectivity in smoking contrasts with increased connectivity in drinking

    Wei Cheng et al.
    The findings have a major impact in understanding the different reward systems involved in two types of addictive behavior, and these advances have implications for prevention and treatment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Comprehension of computer code relies primarily on domain-general executive brain regions

    Anna A Ivanova et al.
    The domain-general executive brain regions support the use of a novel cognitive tool even when it is structurally similar to natural language.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sources of widefield fluorescence from the brain

    Jack Waters
    Widefield fluorescence from the brain arises from greater depth and area than typically appreciated and is usually a weighted average across cortical columns and often more than one cortical area.
    1. Neuroscience

    GABA, not BOLD, reveals dissociable learning-dependent plasticity mechanisms in the human brain

    Polytimi Frangou et al.
    Combining GABA with fMRI measurements in the human brain uncovers distinct suppression mechanisms that optimize perceptual decisions through learning and experience-dependent plasticity in the visual cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Predicting development of adolescent drinking behaviour from whole brain structure at 14 years of age

    Simone Kühn et al.
    Trajectories of adolescent drinking behavior between age 14 and 19 years can be predicted from bilateral striatal and cerebellar grey matter at 14 years of age.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Changes in global and thalamic brain connectivity in LSD-induced altered states of consciousness are attributable to the 5-HT2A receptor

    Katrin H Preller et al.
    LSD induces a pattern of changed global brain connectivity characterized by hypo-connectivity in associative areas and hyper-connectivity across sensory and somatomotor areas that is dependent on the serotonin 2A receptor.

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