4,751 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A cytoplasmic peptidoglycan amidase homologue controls mycobacterial cell wall synthesis

    Cara C Boutte et al.
    Cell wall biosynthesis in mycobacteria is regulated by an unusual post-translational regulatory system that contributes to antibiotic tolerance during stress.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The long non-coding RNA Cerox1 is a post transcriptional regulator of mitochondrial complex I catalytic activity

    Tamara M Sirey et al.
    Mitochondrial energy metabolism is post-transcriptionally regulated through an interplay between long and short non-coding RNAs.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A protein secreted by the Salmonella type III secretion system controls needle filament assembly

    Junya Kato et al.
    A novel component of type III protein secretion systems involved in the assembly of the secretion machine is reported.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptic mechanisms underlying modulation of locomotor-related motoneuron output by premotor cholinergic interneurons

    Filipe Nascimento et al.
    The pairing of chemogenetic and electrophysiological approaches reveals mechanisms by which cholinergic synapses modulate the final motor output of the nervous system.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Post-acute COVID-19 associated with evidence of bystander T-cell activation and a recurring antibiotic-resistant bacterial pneumonia

    Michaela Gregorova et al.
    Post-acute or long-COVID is associated with bystander T-cell activation and a recurring antimicrobial resistant, bacterial ventilator-associated pneumonia.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    B cell receptor and Toll-like receptor signaling coordinate to control distinct B-1 responses to both self and the microbiota

    Lieselotte SM Kreuk et al.
    Microbial-sensing TLRs drive responses to the microbiota, while nucleic-acid sensing TLRs control responses to endogenous ligands, revealing novel regulation of B-1a responses through integrated BCR/TLR mediated activation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Escape from neutralizing antibodies by SARS-CoV-2 spike protein variants

    Yiska Weisblum et al.
    SARS-CoV-2 spike variants that resist neutralization by therapeutic antibodies or convalescent plasma can be generated in the laboratory and exist at low frequency in natural populations.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A comparative transcriptomic analysis of replicating and dormant liver stages of the relapsing malaria parasite Plasmodium cynomolgi

    Annemarie Voorberg-van der Wel et al.
    This comprehensive transcriptomic resource of dormant and replicating malaria liver parasites highlights the dearth of pathways that operate in the hypnozoites and the need to investigate druggability (i.e. selectivity and safety) of core pathways in malaria parasites.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cortical bone maturation in mice requires SOCS3 suppression of gp130/STAT3 signalling in osteocytes

    Emma C Walker et al.
    Targeted SOCS3 null mice reveal that maturation of cortical bone comprises both pore closure and accumulation of high density bone, requiring local suppression of gp130-STAT3 in osteocytes and subsequent osteoclastogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    The Ionotropic Receptors IR21a and IR25a mediate cool sensing in Drosophila

    Lina Ni et al.
    Two members of a widely studied family of chemoreceptors, the "orphan" chemoreceptor IR21a and its putative co-receptor IR25a, act together to mediate cool sensation in fruit fly larvae.

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