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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Can Hamilton’s rule be violated?

    Matthijs van Veelen
    Hamilton's rule can be violated when costs and benefits of cooperation are defined using the counterfactual method, and when they depend on the cooperation of others.
    1. Ecology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Microbial consortia at steady supply

    Thibaud Taillefumier et al.
    In a consumer-resource model obeying the physical requirement of flux conservation, metabolic competition between microbes yields consortia of cell types that collectively resist invasion via optimal use of resources.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nonlinear circuits for naturalistic visual motion estimation

    James E Fitzgerald, Damon A Clark
    New computational models provide insights into how the insect brain estimates the speed and direction of movement.
    1. Ecology

    Multistability and regime shifts in microbial communities explained by competition for essential nutrients

    Veronika Dubinkina et al.
    Multistability and regime shifts are common and species diversity is high in microbial communities when nutrient supplies are balanced and competing species have different stoichiometries of essential nutrients.
    1. Neuroscience

    Brian 2, an intuitive and efficient neural simulator

    Marcel Stimberg et al.
    Brian 2 is a software package for neural simulations that makes it both easy and computationally efficient to define original models for computational experiment.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    T2N as a new tool for robust electrophysiological modeling demonstrated for mature and adult-born dentate granule cells

    Marcel Beining et al.
    T2N, a novel interface between Matlab, TREES toolbox and NEURON, was used to generate compartmental models that reproduce the electrophysiology of dentate granule cells over a multitude of species, experimental conditions and developmental stages.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Clec11a/osteolectin is an osteogenic growth factor that promotes the maintenance of the adult skeleton

    Rui Yue et al.
    A C-type lectin domain protein is an anabolic growth factor that promotes mesenchymal progenitors in the bone marrow to differentiate into bone cells to maintain skeletal bone mass throughout adult life.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Loss of centromere function drives karyotype evolution in closely related Malassezia species

    Sundar Ram Sankaranarayanan et al.
    The centromeres in Malassezia species, by breakage or inactivation, facilitate genome rearrangements that can result in varying karyotypes and contribute to the evolution of these species.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Developmental Biology

    Structure and functional properties of Norrin mimic Wnt for signalling with Frizzled4, Lrp5/6, and proteoglycan

    Tao-Hsin Chang et al.
    The crystal structure of Norrie Disease Protein in complex with the extracellular cysteine-rich domain of Frizzled4 receptor and sucrose octasulfate reveals binding sites for Frizzled4, low density lipoprotein receptor related protein 5/6, and proteoglycan.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The heteromeric PC-1/PC-2 polycystin complex is activated by the PC-1 N-terminus

    Kotdaji Ha et al.
    Soluble fragments cleaved from the N-terminus of PC-1 activate the PC-1/PC-2 heteromeric polycystin channel, describing for the first time that the N-terminus itself is an endogenous ligand.