5,094 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis for catabolism of the abundant metabolite trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline by a microbial glycyl radical enzyme

    Lindsey RF Backman et al.
    The common post-translational modification trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline is reversed by gut microbes with the help of hydroxyproline dehydratase (HypD), an enzyme that performs a radical chemical mechanism.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Philosophy of Biology: The analysis of living systems can generate both knowledge and illusions

    Antony M Jose
    By thinking about experimental techniques in terms of six broad approaches – perturbation, visualization, substitution, characterization, reconstitution, and simulation – researchers may be able to generate more reliable inferences.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience
    Pond snail illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The unlimited potential of the great pond snail, Lymnaea stagnalis

    István Fodor et al.
    The great pond snail is a multipurpose model organism and a contemporary choice for addressing a wide range of biological questions, problems and phenomena in the laboratory and the field.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Neutral Evolution: The randomness that shapes our DNA

    Kelley Harris
    Just 5% of the human genome is subject to neutral evolution but this process remains central to understanding the history of human migration across the Earth.
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  1. Point of view: Motivating participation in open science by examining researcher incentives

    Sarah E Ali-Khan et al.
    A survey of researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital provides insights into the challenges and opportunities involved in adopting an open science policy across an entire patient-oriented academic institution.
    1. Developmental Biology
    Ciona intestinalis illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: An organismal perspective on C. intestinalis development, origins and diversification

    Matthew J Kourakis, William C Smith
    The life cycle and morphology of the sea squirt Ciona intestinalis shed light on vertebrate evolution.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    DNA Methylation: Epigenetics in the wild

    Adam J Bewick , Robert J Schmitz
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  2. Meta-Research: The growth of acronyms in the scientific literature

    Adrian Barnett, Zoe Doubleday
    A study of 24 million articles has revealed that scientists have created more than 1 million acronyms since 1950, most of which have been used fewer than 10 times.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Protein Evolution: Building bigger beta-barrels

    Vikas Nanda
    The range of barrel-shaped proteins found in the outer membrane of certain bacteria evolved through multiple pathways.
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