690 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    NHR-14 loss of function couples intestinal iron uptake with innate immunity in C. elegans through PQM-1 signaling

    Malini Rajan et al.
    Nuclear receptor NHR-14 regulates the subcellular localization of the zinc transcription factor PQM-1 to coordinate innate immunity with iron sequestration during pathogen infection in C. elegans..
    1. Developmental Biology
    Ciona intestinalis illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: An organismal perspective on C. intestinalis development, origins and diversification

    Matthew J Kourakis, William C Smith
    The life cycle and morphology of the sea squirt Ciona intestinalis shed light on vertebrate evolution.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Combinatorial chromatin dynamics foster accurate cardiopharyngeal fate choices

    Claudia Racioppi et al.
    ATAC-seq, CRISPR/Cas9 mutagenesis, reporter and gene expression assays revealed dynamic chromatin accessibility profiles governing differential gene expression during heart vs. pharyngeal muscle fate choices in the powerful chordate model Ciona.
    1. Neuroscience

    The CNS connectome of a tadpole larva of Ciona intestinalis (L.) highlights sidedness in the brain of a chordate sibling

    Kerrianne Ryan et al.
    Serial-section EM analysis uncovers the CNS connectome of a Ciona larva, the second of any entire nervous system, and exposes left-right asymmetries in its synaptic circuits.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Conservation of peripheral nervous system formation mechanisms in divergent ascidian embryos

    Joshua F Coulcher et al.
    Developmental regulatory mechanisms for peripheral nervous system formation appear to be conserved in ascidians despite extensive genomic divergence after 390 MY of separate evolution.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Mice deficient of Myc super-enhancer region reveal differential control mechanism between normal and pathological growth

    Kashyap Dave et al.
    A tumor-specific regulatory region has been identified upstream of the Myc oncogene.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    NHR-49/PPAR-α and HLH-30/TFEB cooperate for C. elegans host defense via a flavin-containing monooxygenase

    Khursheed A Wani et al.
    Genetic and molecular characterization showed that evolutionarily conserved flavin-containing monooxygenase (FMO-2) plays an important role in host defense in Caenorhabditis elegans, and its induction is dependent on conserved transcription factors, TFEB and PPAR-α.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Perinatal hormones favor CC17 group B Streptococcus intestinal translocation through M cells and hypervirulence in neonates

    Constantin Hays et al.
    Hormonal concentrations found in over 7-day-old neonates favor CC17 GBS invasiveness in a process linked to intestinal M cells maturation and mediated by the CC17 GBS surface protein Srr2.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Repurposing of KLF5 activates a cell cycle signature during the progression from a precursor state to oesophageal adenocarcinoma

    Connor Rogerson et al.
    Genome-wide redistribution of KLF5 binding leads to activation of a cell cycle gene expression programme and proliferation control in oesophageal cancer.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Tumor suppressive role of sestrin2 during colitis and colon carcinogenesis

    Seung-Hyun Ro et al.
    Sestrin2 loss could be a universal mechanism of human colon carcinogenesis that allows for barrier dysfunction, mTORC1 hyperactivation, unrestricted tumor growth and chemoresistance.

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