1,101 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Apolipoprotein M-bound sphingosine-1-phosphate regulates blood–brain barrier paracellular permeability and transcytosis

    Mette Mathiesen Janiurek et al.
    Shortage of blood-borne apolipoprotein-M–bound sphingosine-1-phosphate, which accompanies various brain disorders, causes paracellular leak and increase in transcytosis at the blood–brain barrier, which can be reversed, thus is of clinical relevance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lamina-specific AMPA receptor dynamics following visual deprivation in vivo

    Han L Tan et al.
    Longitudinal imaging of synapses in the brain shows that sensory deprivation differentially modifies specific synapses within individual neurons across distinct layers of the sensory cortex.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Extracellular matrix-inducing Sox9 promotes both basal progenitor proliferation and gliogenesis in developing neocortex

    Ayse Güven et al.
    Transcription factor Sox9 has an important role in neocortex expansion, where its expression in basal progenitors increases proliferation, induces premature gliogenesis and promotes the expression of extracellular matrix components.
    1. Neuroscience

    The functional organization of excitation and inhibition in the dendrites of mouse direction-selective ganglion cells

    Varsha Jain et al.
    Accurate direction-selective information is present within small sections of the dendrites, raising the possibility that single dendrites utilize parallel processing schemes to process motion information.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Developmental variability channels mouse molar evolution

    Luke Hayden et al.
    The nature and extent of developmental variation seen between mouse strains and genetically identical individuals explain why the first upper molar evolves along preferred path in murine rodents.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neurotrophins induce fission of mitochondria along embryonic sensory axons

    Lorena Armijo-Weingart et al.
    Induction of the fission of mitochondria-populating sensory axons is shown to be a novel biological action of neurotrophins.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Role of IL-4 in bone marrow driven dysregulated angiogenesis and age-related macular degeneration

    Takashi Baba et al.
    The IL-4/IL-4Rα axis directory promotes pathological angiogenesis through communications with bone marrow cells leading to neovascular age-related macular degeneration.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Revisiting the role of Dcc in visual system development with a novel eye clearing method

    Robin J Vigouroux et al.
    A new eye-specific Dcc mutant combined with an improved clearing protocol for the eye and brain (EyeDISCO) reveals the requirement of the receptor Dcc for retinal development and maintenance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stxbp1/Munc18-1 haploinsufficiency impairs inhibition and mediates key neurological features of STXBP1 encephalopathy

    Wu Chen et al.
    Two genetically distinct Stxbp1 haploinsufficiency mouse models exhibit seizures and impairments in cognitive, psychiatric, and motor functions, representing robust preclinical models of STXBP1 encephalopathy with both construct and face validity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tissue-specific shaping of the TCR repertoire and antigen specificity of iNKT cells

    Rebeca Jimeno et al.
    The tissue environment shapes the lipid recognition capacity of natural killer T cells.

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