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9,604 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Hepatitis B virus core protein allosteric modulators can distort and disrupt intact capsids

    Christopher John Schlicksup et al.
    Small molecule antivirals that drive assembly of HBV capsid protein can also bind to pre-assembled capsids causing them to change morphology or even break, suggesting a complex transduction of binding effects across the capsid.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The insulin/IGF signaling cascade modulates SUMOylation to regulate aging and proteostasis in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Lorna Moll et al.
    By controlling the SUMOylation of the protein CAR-1, the aging-regulating pathways downstream of the Insulin/IGF signaling cascade and of the germ cells of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans are integrated.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct signals in medial and lateral VTA dopamine neurons modulate fear extinction at different times

    Lili X Cai et al.
    Dopamine neurons in medial versus lateral VTA encode different signals during fear extinction, yet inhibition of both populations influences fear extinction, at different times.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Regulatory polymorphisms modulate the expression of HLA class II molecules and promote autoimmunity

    Prithvi Raj et al.
    Genetic variations that underlie common autoimmune disease genes are predominantly regulatory and modify the expression of multiple genes within the HLA gene complex and throughout the immune system.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Mitochondrial dysfunction remodels one-carbon metabolism in human cells

    Xiaoyan Robert Bao et al.
    Mitochondrial respiratory chain dysfunction inhibits mitochondrial one-carbon metabolism, impairing cellular nucleotide biosynthesis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The transcriptional cofactor TRIM33 prevents apoptosis in B lymphoblastic leukemia by deactivating a single enhancer

    Eric Wang et al.
    TRIM33 performs an essential function in B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia through an association with a single cis element.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromatin-associated RNA sequencing (ChAR-seq) maps genome-wide RNA-to-DNA contacts

    Jason C Bell et al.
    ChAR-seq is a massively parallelized de novo RNA mapping assay, which is capable of generating hundreds to thousands of RNA-binding maps with no a priori knowledge of target RNAs.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An integrative genomic analysis of the Longshanks selection experiment for longer limbs in mice

    João PL Castro et al.
    Genome sequencing of mice selected for longer limbs reveals that rapid selection response is due to both discrete loci and polygenic adaptation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Spatially compartmentalized phase regulation of a Ca2+-cAMP-PKA oscillatory circuit

    Brian Tenner et al.
    Nanodomain clustering of cAMP effectors represents a novel mechanism of cAMP compartmentation within an oscillatory signaling circuit.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Non-invasive measurement of mRNA decay reveals translation initiation as the major determinant of mRNA stability

    Leon Y Chan et al.
    Non-invasive mRNA stability measurements reveal that transcript lifetime is governed by a competition with translation initiation on a transcriptome-wide level.

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