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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Non-invasive measurement of mRNA decay reveals translation initiation as the major determinant of mRNA stability

    Leon Y Chan et al.
    Non-invasive mRNA stability measurements reveal that transcript lifetime is governed by a competition with translation initiation on a transcriptome-wide level.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The contrasting phylodynamics of human influenza B viruses

    Dhanasekaran Vijaykrishna et al.
    The analysis of the genomes of two lineages of influenza B virus (Victoria and Yamagata) reveal that their phylodynamics are fundamentally different, and are determined by a complex relationship between virus transmission, age of infection and receptor binding preference.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Evolution of an intricate J-protein network driving protein disaggregation in eukaryotes

    Nadinath B Nillegoda et al.
    The emergence of complementary electrostatic potentials after the prokaryotic-to-eukaryotic split drives physical and functional cooperation between canonical class A and class B J-proteins to boost protein disaggregation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pathway-, layer- and cell-type-specific thalamic input to mouse barrel cortex

    B Semihcan Sermet et al.
    Two distinct thalamocortical pathways were found to provide differential excitatory synaptic input to distinct cell-types across layers of mouse primary somatosensory barrel cortex.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Pyphe, a python toolbox for assessing microbial growth and cell viability in high-throughput colony screens

    Stephan Kamrad et al.
    An open-source python package for phenotype analyses provides a versatile, modular and user-friendly solution to determine complementary fitness-related traits from large-scale assays of microbial colonies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dendritic nonlinearities are tuned for efficient spike-based computations in cortical circuits

    Balázs B Ujfalussy et al.
    Dendrites combine the inputs that they receive from other neurons using calculations that have been optimized for those particular input patterns.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibitory control of correlated intrinsic variability in cortical networks

    Carsen Stringer et al.
    A new cortical network model fit directly to multi-neuron recordings reveals that local inhibitory feedback can control neural dynamics, modulate brain state and enhance sensory processing.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The Cas4-Cas1-Cas2 complex mediates precise prespacer processing during CRISPR adaptation

    Hayun Lee et al.
    During CRISPR adaptation, Cas4 forms a ternary complex with the Cas1-Cas2 spacer integration complex, an interaction that coordinates substrate hand-off following precise, PAM-dependent prespacer processing prior to integration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal and cortical mechanisms at retrieval explain variability in episodic remembering in older adults

    Alexandra N Trelle et al.
    The strength of pattern completion during memory retrieval, indexed by hippocampal activity and cortical reinstatement, explains within- and across-individual variability in episodic memory in older adults.
    1. Cancer Biology

    BRET-based RAS biosensors that show a novel small molecule is an inhibitor of RAS-effector protein-protein interactions

    Nicolas Bery et al.
    A biosensor resource has been developed to monitor the intracellular interactions of RAS family proteins with effector molecules and the effects of inhibitors as an aid to drug development.