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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    p50-associated COX-2 extragenic RNA (PACER) activates COX-2 gene expression by occluding repressive NF-κB complexes

    Michal Krawczyk, Beverly M Emerson
    A long non-coding RNA removes the transcriptional repressor p50 to regulate recruitment of co-activator p300 and RNA Polymerase II complexes to activate the COX-2 gene in human mammary epithelial cells and macrophages.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    T cell-intrinsic role of IL-6 signaling in primary and memory responses

    Simone A Nish et al.
    IL-6 signaling in T cells controls how sensitive they are to suppression by T regulatory cells, and the way mature to become memory T cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    MOF-associated complexes ensure stem cell identity and Xist repression

    Tomasz Chelmicki et al.
    Two complexes that contain the histone acetyl transferase MOF engage in a two-pronged approach to ensure the repression of X inactivation in mouse embryonic stem cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Natural variation reveals that intracellular distribution of ELF3 protein is associated with function in the circadian clock

    Muhammad Usman Anwer et al.
    In Arabidopsis, a natural variant of the ELF3 protein, which originated in Central Asia, is less likely to accumulate in the nucleus, and causes the circadian clock to run faster and be less responsive to environmental cues.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Quantitative proteomic analysis reveals posttranslational responses to aneuploidy in yeast

    Noah Dephoure et al.
    Aneuploidy produces a protein expression signature characteristic of altered metabolism and redox homeostasis, and the loss of UBP6 ameliorates several aneuploidy-associated phenotypes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Mismatch repair deficiency endows tumors with a unique mutation signature and sensitivity to DNA double-strand breaks

    Hui Zhao et al.
    A comprehensive catalogue of somatic mutations accumulating in MMR-deficient tumors highlights their relevance in the context of human genetic evolution, for the diagnosis of microsatellite instability and the provision of targeted treatment options.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Mutations: Stop that nonsense!

    Catherine L Jopling
    Insight
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    1. Developmental Biology

    Early patterning and specification of cardiac progenitors in gastrulating mesoderm

    W Patrick Devine et al.
    Multipotent cardiac precursors within a population of mesoderm are rapidly fated to specific anatomic locations in the developing mouse heart.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cell cycle constraints on capsulation and bacteriophage susceptibility

    Silvia Ardissone et al.
    A multi-layered and conserved cell cycle mechanism prevents capsulation, long known as a bacterial virulence determinant, in G1-phase and concurrently licenses bacteriophage-mediated genetic exchange prior to entry into S-phase.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CD28 expression is required after T cell priming for helper T cell responses and protective immunity to infection

    Michelle A Linterman et al.
    The co-stimulatory molecule CD28 is required after T cell priming for helper T cell polarization in response to an infection.