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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The molecular basis of coupling between poly(A)-tail length and translational efficiency

    Kehui Xiang, David P Bartel
    For poly(A)-tail length to influence mRNA translational efficiency, poly(A)-binding protein (PABPC) must be limiting, mRNAs lacking PABPC must be stable, and translation initiation must be sensitive to PABPC levels.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Cancer immunotherapy by NC410, a LAIR-2 Fc protein blocking human LAIR-collagen interaction

    M Ines Pascoal Ramos et al.
    NC410, a LAIR-2 Fc protein blocking LAIR-collagen interaction, might be a powerful new strategy for cancer immunotherapy for collagen-rich immune-excluded tumors.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Increased burden of familial-associated early-onset cancer risk among minority Americans compared to non-Latino Whites

    Qianxi Feng et al.
    Familial cancer clustering was significantly higher in US minority populations compared to those of US European origin, suggesting renewed need for a focus on family cancer predisposition in US Latinos, Blacks, and Asian/Pacific Islanders.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Protective function and durability of mouse lymph node-resident memory CD8+ T cells

    Scott M Anthony et al.
    Repeated antigen encounters alter the transcriptional state and function of lymph node-resident memory CD8+ T cells to mediate improved immunity against viral infection.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Tetrahydroxanthohumol, a xanthohumol derivative, attenuates high-fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis by antagonizing PPARγ

    Yang Zhang et al.
    Identifying xanthohumol and its derivatives as PPARγ anatagonists provides new insight into how natural compounds beneficially treat obesity and metabolic syndrome, and provide new compounds for therapeutic development.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Tumor stiffening reversion through collagen crosslinking inhibition improves T cell migration and anti-PD-1 treatment

    Alba Nicolas-Boluda et al.
    Tumor stiffness blocks T cell migration in tumors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cytoplasmic mRNA decay represses RNA polymerase II transcription during early apoptosis

    Christopher Duncan-Lewis et al.
    Human cells respond to cytoplasmic mRNA depletion during early apoptosis by inhibiting RNA polymerase II transcription, thereby magnifying the gene expression shutdown during stress.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    An ABA-GA bistable switch can account for natural variation in the variability of Arabidopsis seed germination time

    Katie Abley et al.
    Arabidopsis shows extensive genetic diversity in germination time distributions, which can be explained by the underlying ABA/GA network functioning as a noisy bistable switch.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Perinatal development of innate immune topology

    Philipp Henneke et al.
    At the transition from intrauterine to postnatal life, drastic environmental alterations are mirrored by changes in cellular immunity, which are in part immune cell intrinsic and have lasting health impact.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Inflammation rapidly recruits mammalian GMP and MDP from bone marrow into regional lymphatics

    Juana Serrano-Lopez et al.
    Endotoxemia recruits fast-acting anti-inflammatory innate myeloid progenitors from bone marrow into regional lymphatics through release of pre-formed Ccl19 secondary to NF-κB-independent, Traf6/IκB kinase-dependent signaling.