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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Convalescent COVID-19 patients are susceptible to endothelial dysfunction due to persistent immune activation

    Florence WJ Chioh et al.
    COVID-19 survivors, who are at risk for vascular complications, would benefit from close monitoring and preventive therapy.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Reformulation of an extant ATPase active site to mimic ancestral GTPase activity reveals a nucleotide base requirement for function

    Taylor B Updegrove et al.
    Reengineering the nucleotide-binding pocket of an extant ATPase to restore ancestral GTPase activity revealed an ATP-dependent intermediate required for function and suggested why the protein evolved to use ATP.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    SUMO is a pervasive regulator of meiosis

    Nikhil R Bhagwat et al.
    Multi-dimensional global proteomics describes the SUMO-modified proteome during meiosis and reveals novel roles in regulating the key events of meiotic chromosome metabolism.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Antagonism of PP2A is an independent and conserved function of HIV-1 Vif and causes cell cycle arrest

    Sara Marelli et al.
    Systematic screen of HIV-1 Vif mutants identifies synthetic and naturally occurring amino acid polymorphisms separating PPP2R5 and APOBEC3 family protein depletion and uncovers the mechanism of Vif-dependent cell cycle arrest.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Human primed ILCPs support endothelial activation through NF-κB signaling

    Giulia Vanoni et al.
    Circulating human primed innate lymphoid cell precursors have the potential to functionally induce adhesion molecules' expression in endothelial cells and possibly support the immune cells' infiltration into the tumor site.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The kinase PDK1 is critical for promoting T follicular helper cell differentiation

    Zhen Sun et al.
    PDK1 serves as a critical role for intrinsically promoting T follicular helper cell differentiation and effector functions via controlling expression level of TCF1.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Use of signals of positive and negative selection to distinguish cancer genes and passenger genes

    László Bányai et al.
    In contrast with earlier conclusions, negative selection has a major role in cancer evolution.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Gut Helicobacter presentation by multiple dendritic cell subsets enables context-specific regulatory T cell generation

    Emilie V Russler-Germain et al.
    In vitro and in vivo studies show that multiple dendritic cell subsets are capable of presenting gut Helicobacter antigens to induce regulatory T cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Induction of the IL-1RII decoy receptor by NFAT/FOXP3 blocks IL-1β-dependent response of Th17 cells

    Dong Hyun Kim et al.
    Cellular immunological and biochemical analyses reveal how decoy IL-1RII is induced by human CD4+ T cells upon TCR-stimulation and regulates the Th17-Treg balance by modulating IL-1β responsiveness in IL-1RI+ cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    High-resolution mapping of the neutralizing and binding specificities of polyclonal sera post-HIV Env trimer vaccination

    Adam S Dingens et al.
    HIV vaccine-induced binding and neutralizing antibody epitope specificities were mapped at high resolution directly from polyclonal sera, overcoming shortcomings in traditional serum mapping approaches and enabling highly detailed vaccine design.