307 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    SUMO is a pervasive regulator of meiosis

    Nikhil R Bhagwat et al.
    Multi-dimensional global proteomics describes the SUMO-modified proteome during meiosis and reveals novel roles in regulating the key events of meiotic chromosome metabolism.
    1. Neuroscience

    A causal role for right temporo-parietal junction in signaling moral conflict

    Ignacio Obeso et al.
    Disrupting the right temporo-parietal junction did not change the general motivation to give or adapt behavior to social reputation cues, but specifically reduced the impact of moral-material conflict.
    1. Medicine

    Weight loss, insulin resistance, and study design confound results in a meta-analysis of animal models of fatty liver

    Harriet Hunter et al.
    Animal studies of fatty liver disease over-estimate the benefit of drugs due to publication bias and are confounded by off-target weight loss, illustrating the challenge of successful translational across species.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Prosurvival long noncoding RNA PINCR regulates a subset of p53 targets in human colorectal cancer cells by binding to Matrin 3

    Ritu Chaudhary et al.
    Functional and mechanistic analysis of p53-regulated lncRNA PINCR and its interacting RNA-binding protein Matrin 3 uncovers context-dependent regulation of specific p53 target genes during DNA damage.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Photo-switchable tweezers illuminate pore-opening motions of an ATP-gated P2X ion channel

    Chloé Habermacher et al.
    The gating mechanism of trimeric ATP-gated P2X receptors has been explored using photo-switchable cross-linkers, via a versatile strategy that could be applied to other membrane proteins.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The S-phase-induced lncRNA SUNO1 promotes cell proliferation by controlling YAP1/Hippo signaling pathway

    Qinyu Hao et al.
    Cell cycle phase-specifically induced long non-coding RNAs regulate cell proliferation by modulating crucial cell signaling pathways.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Reformulation of an extant ATPase active site to mimic ancestral GTPase activity reveals a nucleotide base requirement for function

    Taylor B Updegrove et al.
    Reengineering the nucleotide-binding pocket of an extant ATPase to restore ancestral GTPase activity revealed an ATP-dependent intermediate required for function and suggested why the protein evolved to use ATP.
    1. Neuroscience

    An essential role of acetylcholine-glutamate synergy at habenular synapses in nicotine dependence

    Silke Frahm et al.
    Local elimination of acetylcholine synthesis in habenular neurons demonstrates a key role for vesicular synergy and neurotransmitter co-release in nicotine dependence.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Defining human mesenchymal and epithelial heterogeneity in response to oral inflammatory disease

    Ana J Caetano et al.
    Single cell transcriptomic analysis provides a reference map for human oral muscosa in health and disease and a framework for the development of new therapeutic strategies.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    AMP-activated protein kinase fortifies epithelial tight junctions during energetic stress via its effector GIV/Girdin

    Nicolas Aznar et al.
    An effector of AMPK is essential for the kinase and its pharmacological activators, including Metformin, to strengthen cell-cell junctions and preserve epithelial cell polarity and barrier functions in the face of energetic stress, as well as to suppress oncogenesis.

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