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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A virus-packageable CRISPR screen identifies host factors mediating interferon inhibition of HIV

    Molly OhAinle et al.
    Host restriction factors that block cross-species transmission also play a role in limiting the replication of highly-adapted HIV-1 in IFN-stimulated cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The kinase PDK1 is critical for promoting T follicular helper cell differentiation

    Zhen Sun et al.
    PDK1 serves as a critical role for intrinsically promoting T follicular helper cell differentiation and effector functions via controlling expression level of TCF1.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Identification of a super-functional Tfh-like subpopulation in murine lupus by pattern perception

    Stefanie Gryzik et al.
    A novel binning approach provides evidence for super-functional T cells with high activation potential and which exhibit Tfh-like functionalities and can help B cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Inflammation rapidly recruits mammalian GMP and MDP from bone marrow into regional lymphatics

    Juana Serrano-Lopez et al.
    Endotoxemia recruits fast-acting anti-inflammatory innate myeloid progenitors from bone marrow into regional lymphatics through release of pre-formed Ccl19 secondary to NF-κB-independent, Traf6/IκB kinase-dependent signaling.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Migratory and adhesive cues controlling innate-like lymphocyte surveillance of the pathogen-exposed surface of the lymph node

    Yang Zhang et al.
    A group of innate-like lymphocytes surveys the lymph node subcapsular sinus for bacterial and fungal invaders using a novel combination of chemoattractant and adhesion molecules.
    1. Plant Biology

    A cis-carotene derived apocarotenoid regulates etioplast and chloroplast development

    Christopher I Cazzonelli et al.
    Carotenoids are not just required as core components for plastid biogenesis, they can be cleaved into an apocarotenoid signal that regulates etioplast and chloroplast development during extended periods of darkness.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The hydrophobic nature of a novel membrane interface regulates the enzyme activity of a voltage-sensing phosphatase

    Akira Kawanabe et al.
    Electrophysiological and fluorometric studies of Ci-VSP expressed in Xenopus oocyte revealed two states of the enzyme region with distinct enzyme activity and distinct coupling to the voltage sensor.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IFNγ induces epigenetic programming of human T-bethi B cells and promotes TLR7/8 and IL-21 induced differentiation

    Esther Zumaquero et al.
    IFNγ increases the responsiveness of human B cells to IL-2, TLR7/8 and IL-21 signals and therefore enhances antibody production in inflammatory settings associated with autoimmune or chronic disease.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Spatio-temporal regulation of concurrent developmental processes by generic signaling downstream of chemokine receptors

    Divyanshu Malhotra et al.
    A new form of chemokine signaling bias that depends on cell state is identified.
    1. Cancer Biology

    The chemokine CXCL13 in lung cancers associated with environmental polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons pollution

    Gui-Zhen Wang et al.
    The chemokine CXCL13 is critical to the development of air pollution- and tobacco smoke-induced lung cancers.